• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Round or flat? For me the discovery of the structure of the solar system and the discovery that the earth is not flat have been major breakthroughs for humanity.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Greatest science discovery. Round or flat? For me the discovery of the structure of the solar system and the discovery that the earth is not flat have been major breakthroughs for humanity. These discoveries have not only been important for humans at the time, but they would later change the way humans saw themselves. As well, this had changed the way we think of ourselves, as we are not the centre of the universe, but an almost insignificant element in the greatness of the universe. Because of such discoveries we live our daily lives differently than our ancestors. When humans first started to look at and study the sky, they noticed that the stars rotate and also that the sun rises and falls. And if the earth was flat, there had to be an underworld, hidden under the surface. ...read more.

Middle

Greeks also believed, in fact, that the planets and stars moved according to mathematical equations, which corresponded to musical notes and thus produced a symphony, defined by another mathematician, Pythagoras, as "the harmony of spheres". This, although it was accepted by scientists at that time, did not become generally recognized in the popular domain. For many centuries, humans believed that the earth was flat. Even religions, such as Christianity, accepted the popular credence that our planet was completely flat. They believed for instance that ships that crossed the straits of Gibraltar, then called Pillars of Hercules, would fall into space as waters ended after it. Other explorers, inspired by the great geographer Ptolemy (who himself derived his theories from Arab scientists), started to believe that the earth was in fact round. Among them, Christopher Columbus, a Genovese explorer, convinced others that navigation was possible through the Pillars of Hercules and ships could reach the Asian continent by sailing Westward instead than Eastward. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Galileo publicly supported the heliocentric view, which placed the Sun at the centre of the universe, he met with opposition from many philosophers and clerics. Some even denounced him to the Roman Inquisition. Galileo was then tried by the Inquisition, accused of "heresy", forced to deny his findings, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest. Scientific discoveries of the following centuries demonstrated not only that the earth was round, but also that the theories of Galileo were exact. Men like him or like the Greek mathematicians progressively changed the way humans thought about themselves and their place in the universe. The trial of Galileo resulted in a triumph for science and for freedom of thought. Galileo is now considered the father of modern science. Sources. Minerva, nuova enciclopedia universale.1985, Zenith Editrice,S.R.L.Milano. Galileo Galilei, Wikipedia free encyclopedia.2010. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work