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satire 1984

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Introduction

Satire in 1984 INTRODUCTION: In Nineteen Eighty-four, George Orwell introduces Communism regime through the community of Oceania. Communism is a socioeconomic structure and political ideology that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless society, and single party control (Wikipedia). Most of party members are proles, working class. They are uneducated and unaware of what is happening; thus they are completely under the Party's control. Therefore, the party then can remove any possibilities of rebellion. Through the novel, Orwell uses satire to warn us about surveillance, physical and psychological intimidation, and isolation. Satire, a mode of writing that exposes the failings of individuals, institutions, or societies to ridicule and scorn. Satire is often an incidental element in literary works that may not be wholly satirical, especially in comedy (answers). Orwell, through the characters, predicts what our future will be like if the totalitarian regime remained in power. SURVEILLANCE: Winston Smith, the main character in the novel, is somehow different than other characters, even though he is a Party member. Since Winston is an intellectual man, he is able to discern the truth from the falsehood; thus he stands against the Party. He resists the party, resists the stifling in his life of being controlled. ...read more.

Middle

They never existed and will never exist. * In nineteen eighty-four, there should be no religion but the idea of "Sacred Leader". Since, Winston writes down "God is power"( he is tortured again. On the other hand, Big Brother represents god; everyone worships him. In the beginning of the novel, the "two minutes hate" is introduced to the reader, which is somehow a public worship of Big Brother. * George Orwell also explores the use of language to control people's mind and thoughts. "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thoughts? In the end it will make thoughtcrime impossible, because there will be no words in which to express" (1,5,55) * "2+2=5" is a symbol of manipulation of science. The Party has the power to control everything even science. The truth is wrong when the Party says it wrong * Sexual life is totally forbidden under the Party's control. Winston's wife considers sex as a duty for a Party. She does not get any pleasure out of it. * Julia, a young apathetic and rebellious girl, grows up under the Party regime. The society that she lives in is based on suspicion, spying, fear, hatred and intimidation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moreover, Orwell predicts about how people are brainwashed by the Party, and his predictions come true. Nowadays, in some communism countries, for example Vietnam, every Party member are not "allowed" have religion, and then they will love the party most. ISOLATION: Through the character Winston and Goldstein, Orwell satires the isolation in human nature and totalitarianism society. * Isolation appears often in the novel. Winston lives alone at his house with no companionship except the surveillance cameras and the telescreens. He has a world of his own only in his head. He can't have a social life because the party forbids any means of social communication. He writes in his diary because that is his only way of expressing his feelings and thoughts even though it's considered thoughtcrime. Every person in the novel is isolated from the community; they can not have any open conversation with themselves. * Goldstein represents Trotsky in real life. He stands against the party thus he is expelled from the party and sent out of the country. After Goldstein becomes a scapegoat of the Party, and he is brought up in "Two Minutes Hate". George Orwell brings up the idea of isolation in the novel. He is afraid that the next generation will have the isolated life if the totalitarianism regime remains. ...read more.

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