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Set in 1692; written in 1953; still performed and studied in 2003. It has been said that The Crucible is both timeless and universal discuss.

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Introduction

Set in 1692; written in 1953; still performed and studied in 2003. It has been said that The Crucible is both timeless and universal discuss. "The Crucible", first written and performed in 1953 as the work of Arthur Miller, was written through the perspective of a man living in an era of radical social and economical traumas. Miller wrote his play at a time when America was only just beginning to make its way past the suffering of the Great Depression and during the McCarthy Hysteria of the 1950's. His work is not merely heavily influenced by these outside affectations but it becomes evident to one observing the social and political climates of Miller's time that these are in fact the inspiration for his creation. What Miller wrote was an artist's answer to human suffering, not only through the hard times of the depression but also through the politics and in particular the ideological war on communism (and indeed all left-wing views), which was taking place. ...read more.

Middle

The hysteria surrounding the McCarthy incident is easily comparable to the Salem witch trials, because although the fear has changed with time and location the human nature remains the same and the human instinct to protect itself invokes a mass of people grouping together for protection against what is seen as a threatening group. In 2003 this can be seen even more clearly in the aftermath of the September the 11th incident when The Times printed the article: "Is Arab a dirty word?" Discussing how many people in America associated all those of Arabic descent with acts of terrorism. Once again this paranoia is invoked by a deep fear which has become integrated into the minds of the people in that society. Intricately linked to this are the ideas of good and evil within the play: "It's God's work we do" Throughout the play many people, from Proctor not confessing to a lie, to Cheever taking the accused to what he knows may be their deaths, justify their actions through religion claiming that what ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the girls know that those they are accusing are in fact innocent: "Lies, lies" It is also possible to suggest that later Danforth realises this but becomes part of the conspiracy in order to protect himself and his position: "You know in all your black hearts that this be fraud" Very similarly at the time of Miller's writing senator Joseph McCarthy was accusing people within the government and authoritarian positions of being communists or sympathizers, and encouraging them to confess and name others. This is very much like the situation within the crucible when the girls knowingly blame innocent people because it is, again, in order to protect themselves. In 2003 corruption can be seen within the British and American governments who justified their invasion of Iraq by claiming that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction. However since that time, none have been found and many propose that none exist, but leading figures in the movement such as Tony Blair still knowingly untruly claim that Saddam possessed such items in order to protect their own reputations and positions. ...read more.

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