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Shakespearean plays have much been linked to Aristotles ideas of tragedy, the protagonists are capable of both good and evil and must be an admired yet flawed character.

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Tragedy Aristotelian tragedy is characterised by seriousness and dignity, involving a great person who will experience a reversal of fortune. Aristotle?s definition can include just a simple change of fortune from good to bad which creates a sense of fear and pity within the audience. This change of fortune must have been triggered by the main character himself, but this would usually happen in a wider context of which the main character does not understand or of which he cannot control. Aristotle dictates that a tragedy?s structure should not be simple, but complex, must arouse pity and fear and must be caused by the tragic hero?s hamartia (mistake). The change to bad should happen not because of a flaw in the tragic hero?s morals or background, but should be caused by a mistake of some kind that the hero makes and should furthermore have no input from any external cause, Aristotle describes a downfall brought about by an external cause as a misadventure and not a tragedy. ...read more.


2. Tragedy of miscalculation ? These revolve around a bad or unlucky choice which is a miscalculation made by the protagonist. 3. Revenge tragedy ? These tragedies combine the previous two but generally also revolve around the protagonist wishing to seek vengeance on someone who has affected him or someone close to him in some way. These tragedies of course always contain an element of revenge. Shakespearian plays generally are five act plays ending with the death of the most prominent characters. His plays all revolve around defeat, shattered hopes and ultimately death, these are things that face all of us as human beings and this allows us to identify ourselves with the protagonist, moreover the protagonist generally has either intelligence, cleverness, foolish vanity or even maybe a treacherous side which helps us to be able to identify ourselves with the protagonist further. We also hear the thoughts of the protagonists in soliloquy?s throughout the plays which allows us to create a personal bond with the character as what we are hearing are the protagonists? thoughts. ...read more.


makes no difference they always seem to end up achieving the complete opposite of what they set out to achieve and end up destroying themselves, which makes it seem as if they are of course not in control of their own destiny. Human action is definitely presented as the central fact in tragedy and we generally hold the hero responsible for the tragedy because of this. There is always a sense that there is a force of good and evil in his tragedies with them ending with evil in the upper hand position. To conclude there are a few main features that Shakespeare?s plays have in common. They start off in a happy ordered society which moves slowly towards chaos as the hero allows his flaws to rule him. And probably most importantly the play features a hero whom the audience can relate to and feel sorry for. The protagonists in Shakespeare?s plays are not really good or really bad people but just generally good people who are destroyed by their own ego or ill fate. By Ben Peppin 10s ...read more.

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