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Shelly's ''Frankenstein'' is regarded as the first modern horror novel. It is in fact, a Gothic horror.

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Introduction

Shelly's ''Frankenstein'' is regarded as the first modern horror novel. It is in fact, a Gothic horror. The story came about mainly from a dream shelly had. The dream was heavily influenced by her background and past personal experiences. These include her visits to galvanism experiments, a visit to the Rock of Franks; a castle which translated gives ''Frankenstein'' and her surroundings at the time, which where the Alps that made up the setting for some of the book. Other issues, which might have affected the outcome of the book, are her failed pregnancy, which could be linked to victors mother dieing. Events of the time had led to a near breakthrough to bring the dead to life and the near full exploration of the Earth leaving only the poles unexplored. Romantic and Gothic styles are used in the book the romantic style is the awe of nature a good example is ''the abrupt sides of vast mountains were before me; the icy wall of the glacier overhung me'' and the Gothic style is the psychological that encompasses the very personal themes of life and death this is shown by ''how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains I had endeavoured to form'' The Story begins with Walton's letters ...read more.

Middle

One example of this is when Victor replies ''do you share my madness''. Walton's dream of mapping the arctic fails after he turns back when Victor and The Monster die, but his dream of finding a companion who shares his own ruthless ambition is partly fulfilled as he find Victor floating on the ice. However Victor dies shortly after. Walton's personality changes immensely all through the letters and the rest of the book; he starts very romantic in his letters ending ''your affectionate brother R. Walton'' but further into the letters he starts to shorten his endings, a good example is ''R.W'' in the final letter. This shows he is being rushed or is becoming impatient. Walton uses very descriptive and romantic language, he focuses more on the setting than what is going on this gives great detail to his dreams and the arctic especially shown by ''The dangerous mysteries of ocean to that most imaginative of modern poets'' .In the letters Walton is the narrator, this makes the story bias towards Victor and he speaks highly of him shown by ''what a wonderful creature he must have been before his decline'' .It also introduces scepticism to whether the monster really exists which at that point in the story creates tension and makes the reader think. ...read more.

Conclusion

We also come to the monsters side because of his persuasive language he uses language like ''Instead of threatening I am content to reason'' and refers to people as ''my friends'', ''beloved cottagers'' and ''my creator'' these are all very formal and good for persuading. ''The modern Prometheus'' the sub title for the book and refers to Prometheus who went against the gods and was punished by being tied to a rock and having a vulture come peck his liver out but every night it grew back and so on. This continual punishment is like the monster who is always just out of reach to torment Victor who must continue. The book can also be related to modern research, which goes to great lengths and takes great risks of creating deformed beings like Frankenstein's monster. The moral of the story is to follow your dreams but not to become obsessed with them and make silly decisions like Victor and Walton nearly makes. The monsters dream is the most important because it is a dream everyone shares and is a common need of life where as Victor and Walton picked theirs up from books. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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