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sherlock holmes

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What features of Arthur Conan Doyle's stories make them typical of the detective fiction genre? Arthur Conan Doyle is a Victorian writer. He introduced his fictional character in 1887. At this time, there were huge differences in wealth between the classes, working class and middle class. Those in the working class lived in poor cramped conditions with poor sanitation and very little access to education. Because they had little access to education, they were usually illiterate so the middle classes formed Conan Doyle's readership. Crime in poor areas was rife and public hangings was frequent due to minor crimes such as stealing and because of all the poverty and sickness on the streets , it lead to crime as this was the only way to survive. Prostitution, drug abuse and murder were common at the time and at this time, jack the ripper, the first modern sexual serial killer, was on the streets. He murdered many prostitutes and because the police couldn't catch this infamous murderer, their methods were seen as inefficient. Many of the officers were publicly exposed as corrupt. The Victorians immediately fell for Sherlock Holmes as he cracked every case that came across him. In 1893, Conan Doyle tried to end the appearance of Sherlock Holmes but received death threats telling him to keep Holmes alive. ...read more.


For example, he uses this method when travelling by train, "Our rate at present is fifty-three and a half miles an hour". Sherlock Holmes belongs to the upper class, "Ear flapped travelling cap", the way he dresses suggests his social standing. This also suggests Holmes is like a hunter tracking down an animal. Dr. Watson is Sherlock Holmes' assistant, as detectives do not usually work alone. He is not as clever the detective. He feels inferior to Holmes because either during the story or at the end of the story, the crime is explained to the assistant, or both, Watson and the readers admire the detective. "You could not possibly come at a better time, my dear Watson". He said cordially" Holmes is polite and considerate. They have a friendship of mutual respect. In all three stories, Sherlock Holmes' assistant is Dr. Watson. Dr. Watson helps Holmes to solve the mysteries and look for clues. In Red- Headed League, when Holmes says that "This gentleman (Watson) has been my partner and helper in many of my successful cases, and I have no doubt that he will be the utmost to me in yours also". Dr. Watson always helps Sherlock Homes and Holmes is always grateful. The criminals in two stories, 'The Speckle Band' and 'The Red-Headed League' are Doctor Roylott, who is Helen Stoner's step-father and John Clay, who attempts to rob a bank on Coburg Square. ...read more.


Dr Watson is the narrator of the story, he is not as clever as Holmes, and we are left in a position of ignorance until the end of the story as to how Holmes solves the mystery. The audience are encouraged to admire Holmes' abilities as a result of the narrative style. The methods of Sherlock Holmes are finding the clues, questioning suspects, speaking to the local police, he uses his powers of observation which he uses to draw conclusions about its relevance- he deduces and uses the method of drawing hypothesis's and he also uses his imagination. Overall, I think that Arthur Conan Doyle's stories which make typical of detective genre are the villains, the victims, clues, red herrings, suspects and the detective. The detective always uses his intelligence to solve the mystery by producing theories and thoughts of what had happened and then going to look for clues to test them. He does this with the help of Dr Watson and experiences which he has, he uses them to work out facts about the character from what he sees. In Arthur Conan Doyle's stories, the villain is either arrested or dies at the end like in The Speckled Band, Dr Roylott dies at the end the victim is always stressed and worried about the unsolved mystery. The detective gathers clues to help solve the unsolved mystery. The suspects are used to make the audience think. These features make the story much more interesting. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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