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Sherlock Holmes Essay

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Sherlock Holmes is one of if not the most popular and well known fictional detective of all time. His powers of observation and expertise in his field of work - investigation of crimes, led him to great popularity in the late 19th to early 20th century. His creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, shot to fame with his first published Sherlock appearance in, "A Study in Scarlet," which was printed in "Beeton's Christmas Annual," in 1887. Sherlock Holmes lived at 221B Baker Street, London. He wore a deerstalker cap, smoked a hooked pipe, carried a large magnifying glass and was known for his subliminary addictive catchphrase, "elementary, my dear Watson," used every time he solved a case. His image was formed from the early magazine illustrations of the stories. But of course, where would any good detective be without their trusty sidekick? The sidekick in question being Dr. Watson, Sherlock's helpful and shrewd sidekick or "partner in crime." Watson plays a major role in every one of the stories although at first it seems he doesn't. His main purpose in the stories is to be the narrator, rather than expecting the reader to understand the situation themselves. All the stories are in first person, i.e. "I" "We", and this is because it is as if Watson is telling the reader the story directly, which is a very clever technique used by Doyle to try and make the reader feel that they are part of the story. ...read more.


He also wears dishevelled clothes and dirty like make-up to fool people into thinking he is really a beggar. He is thought dead until a letter arrives saying that he is alive and well. Watson is asked to find Isa, but finds Sherlock in disguise, on another case, at the opium den to where Watson goes. One of the stories which does actually involve a crime is "The Speckled Band." A young woman, Helen Stoner, seeks the help and investigative powers of Sherlock. Her sister is mysteriously murdered whilst in her room which has a barred window and a locked door at night. There is no way in nor out yet she is murdered. There are false trails within the story to try and trick the reader into thinking that something else happened rather than the truth of what happened. Helen's uncle, Dr Roylott, with whom she lives with on their estate, allows gypsies to camp on the land, "the wandering gypsies, and he would give these vagabonds leave to encamp upon the few acres of bramble-covered land which represent the family estate" leading the reader to think that they are responsible. Another of the false trails is the fact that Dr. Roylott keeps exotic animals on their estate, a cheetah and a baboon, "and he has at this moment a cheetah and a baboon, which wander freely over his grounds," which lead the reader to believe that one of these animals was responsible for Helen's sisters death. ...read more.


It is known that Holmes enjoys his work but a quote to prove this is, "my profession is my reward." This shows that Holmes enjoys his job more than the money he earns, showing that he is committed to his job and thoroughly enjoys it. Watson very much admires Holmes and a quote which shows his attitude toward Holmes is, "I rapidly threw on my clothes, and was ready in a few minutes to accompany my friend down to the sitting room." He uses the word "friend" rather than "college" or "partner". This shows that he admires Holmes and is glad to be with him. Crime is so captivating because it is fascinating how people wish to "do wrong." Why do people want to do the opposite of what we are supposed to do in a civilised community? Is it the buzz? The thrill? The excitement? I believe it is all of these. But why can't these people just do the right thing like the very few in the world that do? But of course, there are crimes which are accidental and aren't purposely committed, such as manslaughter. There still are the same factors of detective fiction in non-fiction crime today, a villain (or an offender), a victim, evidence and false trails. Sidekicks may only be in fictional detection, but the other aspects are all real in the world of detection today. Karl Moores English Coursework 1 ...read more.

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