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Show how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, has created a world of double standards and hypocrisy in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

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Introduction

Assignment Title Show how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, has created a world of double standards and hypocrisy in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde. In this essay I will show how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting has created a world of double standards and hypocrisy in The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. I will discuss the parable the struggle between good and evil, the divided nature of man and appearance in relation to reality. At the beginning of the book, Utterson and Enfield take one of their frequent rambles through a charming yet quiet street in a busy quarter of London. "The street shone out in contrast to its dingy neighbourhood, like a fire in a forest; and with its freshly painted shutters, well polished brasses, and gaiety of note, instantly caught and pleased the eye of the passengers." However at the end of the street stands a "certain sinister" looking building. So begins the world of double standards that Stevenson has created in this book. At one end we have a respectable, clean and charming street, which even lives up to the standards of two very respected middle-class gentlemen, but at the other end there is a sinister building thrust forward its gable on the street. This theme of outward appearances is continued in the book but is mostly apparent in the characters, for example, Utterson, a respected Lawyer, trusted by many and popular among friends is also described as a man of "rugged countenance that was never lighted by a smile." ...read more.

Middle

Henry Jekyll, Utterson obediently does not open the letter, but this is not the actions of a concerned friend. Utterson has just learnt of the death of his supposedly very close friend Dr. Lanyon and is also supposedly worried about the seclusion and mysterious actions of another. Utterson does not open the letter, not out of respect of the writer's wishes but out of fear of the content. He knows that what ever has troubled his close friend Jekyll and has caused his other great friend Lanyon to fall so ill that he has now passed away will be revealed to him in the letter and he is maybe afraid of the same fate of insanity and even death that his friends have both encountered or maybe he is afraid of what the point of association may have on his reputation. Jekyll is the main character in this novel and is also the main person, which displays two different sides to his personality. Jekyll is obsessed with good and evil and his potion or drug that he has invented separates the two. Hyde has been described in this book as small and somewhat deformed. This description that Stevenson used to build the character of Hyde may have been because of the time in which Stevenson lived. The scientist Charles Darwin had a theory that there was a "certain look" to criminals and that you could determine criminality or the likeliness to commit a crime by the outward appearance of a person. ...read more.

Conclusion

of time, therefore when he could not hold himself back any longer Hyde came out and took out all his time not being free on Sir Danvers. Jekyll also turns into Hyde spontaneously once in the book while sitting on a park bench and thinking dark thoughts about Utterson and Lanyon. Jekyll is a maverick (new-school scientist) where as Lanyon very much believes in the old and traditional ways of science, therefore the two friends had many disagreements based on different scientific points of view, Jekyll resented Utterson and Lanyon, because although they hae an evil side as well they still scowl upon Jekyll because he is being honest. Hypocrisy is also a big part of this story and is directly mentioned in chapter four, (page 32) when the elderly lady at the residence of Mr Hyde greets Mr Utterson. " An ivory -faced and silvery-haired old woman open the door. She had an evil face, smoothed by hypocrisy." The concluding part to this essay is that the only person who is truly loyal to Dr Jekyll is his working class butler Poole who remains loyal to jekyll throughout the story. So if working class people are supposed to be criminals and middle class people are to be respected then why when it comes down to it the middle class have a dark side yet the working class seem to shine above the rest?! Name: Vicky Kettyle School: Edenham High Candidate Number: 4928 Centre Number: 14320 ...read more.

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