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Sonnets 18, 116 and 130 all express ideas about love, but in different ways. Explain how Shakespeare uses nature and time to convoy his ideas. Which sonnet is most effective in your opinion?

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Introduction

Sonnets by Shakespeare Sonnets 18, 116 and 130 all express ideas about love, but in different ways. Explain how Shakespeare uses nature and time to convoy his ideas. Which sonnet is most effective in your opinion? The sonnets have fourteen lines and are structured into three quatrains and an ending couplet. The rhyme pattern is abab, cdcd, efef, gg and the rhythm is iambic pentameter. Sonnet 18 is written to the poets loved one. The voice of the poem seems to be Shakespeare himself as in the beginning line he says 'shall I compare' which suggests it's him writing. The sonnet starts with comparing his loved one to a summer's day and from this you get an idea of a lush fruitfulness and an abundance of growth and beauty is seen clearly. But then Shakespeare goes on to suggest that his loved one is better than this 'Thou art more lovely and more temperate', and ...read more.

Middle

In sonnet 18 natures used to compare his loved one. This is done by using summer, as the images you get of summer are warmth, growth and beauty. This could be why Shakespeare uses summer instead of any other season. I think Shakespeare's personification of death in the third quatrain is very effective. It makes summer last forever 'eternal summer' so his loved ones beauty shall not fade, therefore she can live forever. 'Nor shall death brag thou wonder'st in his shade'. Which is impossible as all beauty fades and every one has to pass away. In sonnet 130 nature is used with colour and perfume to show more negative comparisons. 'But no such roses I see in her cheeks', 'Coral is far more red than her lips red'. The word 'reeks' at the end of the quatrain makes the sonnet more effective as it sounds very offensive to a modern reader. ...read more.

Conclusion

'If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved'. This also makes the poem very effective as he is willing to doubt his own writing to prove he is right. The language of the poem is complex and uses more imagery. It becomes simpler in the couplet, to try to seem sincere. As in the other sonnets, the natural world the weather and time are used to help convoy his ideas. I think sonnet 130 is more effective as Shakespeare gives you the sights, sounds and smells of his loved one through his rich use of language and imagery. Even though the poem seems very negative and the word 'reeks' helps to influence this, Shakespeare explains himself in the ending couplet as he says his love is more special 'rare' than those who make false comparisons to show love. He loves his real woman and this makes the sonnet more effective than 18 and 116. Marie Gillespie ...read more.

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