• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Techniques and themes used in Journey's End.

Extracts from this document...


Techniques and themes used in Journey's End. There are a large number of techniques R.C. Sherriff uses in Journey's End to make his play entertaining to the 19th Century audience. In this essay I will be exploring these techniques, which include powerful characters and comedy, to portray his ideas of the struggles of coping with war and the differences between classes. I will start by analysing the comedy. The only comedy within the play, apart from when Stanhope, Trotter and Hibbert are drunk and telling each other humorous stories, comes from the cook, Mason. The humour is used to break the tension between the characters at awkward moments in the play and through Mason it is used to keep up the morale of himself and his fellow men in the dugout. Throughout the play we discover the things which keep the officers going during the war and comedy seems to be the thing which Mason uses. For example "Yes sir. Quite nice and lumpy." The second technique is the directions Sherriff uses in his play; these are used in a variety of ways. The main use of the directions is to reveal the humans as rather than just soldiers, for example a policeman shows authority rather than a person; whereas Sherriff portrays them as individuals. On page 61 there are understated emotions by Trotter and Osborne, "What a damn nuisance"/ "It is rather". Osborne's attitude and kindness, even as an officer is shown towards Raleigh as he tries to protect him, "Were you and I picked- specially?"/ "Yes.". ...read more.


However we do find out about Stanhope's home life when Raleigh joins the Battalion. Raleigh revealed much about him that Stanhope was not content with the other officers knowing. The first time that we hear about his home life is when Raleigh is talking about how,' Dennis used to stay with us', whereas 'Dennis', (Stanhope) had never mentioned this before. Raleigh also reveals,' They're not officially engaged'. Raleigh exposed a secret of Stanhope's as he had never mentioned such an important detail of his life. When Stanhope first sees Raleigh, we see by the stage directions that Stanhope talks, 'in a low voice', and says, 'How did you get here?' This shows that Stanhope is not content on seeing Raleigh as Raleigh knows the truth about Stanhope's home life. This may be because Stanhope does not want the others to know that he cares so much about something, as he wants to keep an image as a tough person or possibly he does not want to be reminded every second of every day of the thing which he loves most but may not see again. As I mentioned there are different ways in which the characters cope with the war. From reading Trotter's parts in the play, I get the impression that he makes jokes simply because he will not allow let himself contemplate anything else as he may not be able to cope with the pressure. We can see this when Stanhope confronts Trotter directly about this, but when he does the question just bounces off Trotter's mind straight away; " But you always *feel* the same." ...read more.


Then they have to go into the trenches and prepare for the raid. The stage directions start by making the whole battlefield and trenches sound that they are covered in an eerie silence, "There is silence in the trenches above the deserted dugout." This builds up tension. Osborne may seem to be the stereotypical upper-class officer, but he shows signs of being unconvinced about the war and its aim. The audience receives this information when Osborne is in conversation with Raleigh, they together agreed on how pointless the war actually was. This would shock the audience, destroying all stereotypical thoughts Sherriff had previously given out. The audience would be very interested now to find out the final thoughts of all the officers. Due to Osborne being a public school master, he has a more intellectual knowledge of words and their meanings than the working-class men and officer Trotter. Even in a child's book, the words from Alice's Adventures In Wonderland touch Osborne emotionally, whereas Trotter cannot "see the point", because he is from a lower-class background, Sherriff has kept the stereotype with the officers literacy, this would keep the audiences stereotypical views are still slightly alive. This is showing his love for his children and a lack of decent effort put into the real war. Once again Sherriff has destroyed the audience's views and thoughts of there being a perfect, well planned, clean war. Slowly but surely Sherriff is bringing the audience to the truth about the war, involving and awakening them at every possible chance. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jason Bartlett 11.Turner ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE RC Sheriff section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE RC Sheriff essays

  1. English 4UO Independent Study - Comparative Essay

    On page 159 Santiago contemplates the relevance in his life of the treasure of love he has just discovered in Fatima as he says, "Where your treasure is, there will also be your heart." Santiago wonders if perhaps he has already found his treasure in the form of his love for Fatima.

  2. Journeys End Drama Studies

    Therefore we are expecting a big reaction from him. Stanhope also puts pressure on a few words directed towards Osborne, for example: "I couldn't bear being fully conscious all the time - you've felt that, Uncle, haven't you?" This puts pressure on Osborne and the members in the audience don't know how Osborne is going to react, or if he will agree with Stanhopes methods.

  1. Explore the different ways that Sherriff reveals courage to the audience?

    Osborne, however, is more understanding of the situation and does not underestimate the task ahead. He leaves his ring behind, "...in case anything should happen" so that Stanhope can pass it on to his wife. The audience would feel very uneasy now, realising the true danger that the men would face and the fact that they might not return.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Presentation of the Psychological Effects of the WarAnd the Setting ...

    As does Hill in 'Strange Meeting', Sherriff effectively portrays Raleigh's innocence through his anxiety and eagerness in expressing, 'I wish we could go now', as well as his expressions of excitement at the situation; 'I say- it's most frightfully exciting!'

  1. Explain what Osborne means to Stanhope and how is this shown in the play

    He leaves his most important possessions from the trenches, his watch, his ring and a letter, with Stanhope with the confidence that they will be safely passed onto his wife if he dies. Stanhope replies in a very cheery fashion, almost as if he were trying to convince himself that Osborne would come back.

  2. In what ways does R.C.Sherriff re-create for his audience the tremendous stress and fear ...

    Trotter he seems to be wishing he wasn't there anymore as he's realised that thinks aren't as he had expected. Raleigh has now realised that war isn't just about honour for your country but about dread, death and destruction. The stress of was is slowly beginning to worry Raleigh and

  1. JOURNEY'S END - The Changing Relationship Between Stanhope and Raleigh

    he has lost his ' best friend', the only man he could ' talk to', and so therefore he is emotionally shattered. It is a very tense and emotional scene as they try to discuss matters, but once again Stanhope's wrath is released, but we can understand this outburst, Raleigh does not understand what Stanhope is going through.

  2. How does Sherriff make Osborne seem like a likeable and engaging character in Journeys ...

    Furthermore, Osborne uses many declaratives towards Raleigh telling him what to do that will help improve his status in the company. He tells people to start to ?work? because they should not be lazy and should help the company. This also insinuates Osborne?s tender-heartedness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work