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The aspects of roman society which Shakespeare focuses on in Julius Caesar are the concept of honour, superstition and fate, the fickleness of the people and the love of leadership. All of which I will talk about in this essay.

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Introduction

Julius Caesar The aspects of roman society which Shakespeare focuses on in Julius Caesar are the concept of honour, superstition and fate, the fickleness of the people and the love of leadership. All of which I will talk about in this essay. Firstly I will start at the very beginning in the opening paragraph of the play we read that two tribunes, Flavius and Murellus, enter to find a crowd gathered. Flavius shouts to the crowd telling the crowd to disperse as it is not a holiday. A cobbler talks to him telling him that they are here to cheer Caesar home. Flavius is disgusted and says "o you hard hearts you cruel men of Rome knew you not Pompey many a time and oft have you climb'd up to walls and battlements to towers and windows yea to chimney tops your infants in your arms and there have sat the livelong day with patient expectation to see great Pompey pass the streets of Rome" Here Flavius says to the people did you not once cheer on Pompey your leader but now they are cheering a new Caesar whom of which killed the one they loved so much before. As if Pompey never existed. This shows the first instance of the crowd's fickleness. Chapter Two, on a street in Rome Caesar Calpurnia Antony Brutus and others are making their way to the races, held to celebrate the feast of Lupercalia. ...read more.

Middle

Brutus says he has no personal reason to kill him but he will kill him for the people "I know no personal cause to spurn t him. But for the general." They decide to lure him to the senate and stab him. "Lets kill him boldly, but not wrathfully lets carve as a dish fit for the gods, not hew him as a carcass fit for hands. But they are doubtful that Caesar will come to the senate house as he has been superstitious at late. They are right. The next morning the ides of March, Calpurnia wakes and asks Caesar not to leave the house but he says that he refuses to show fear. She tells him of the dream that she had the night before so he sends for the priest to make a sacrifice and come back with the results. They come back with bad news the beast which they cut open had no heart-a very bad omen. More superstition Caesar agrees to allow Mark Antony to go to the senate and say he is un-well Brutus arrives and is told by Caesar that he will not be going to the senate house. Decius asks for a reason why Caesar is not going and tells him that the senate will laugh at him otherwise. Caesar tells him that Calpurnia had a dream in which his statue ran with blood and Romans came to bathe their hands in it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Is this the honourable way of dying surely the honourable thing to do his to stand up and fight to the death?. Titinius goes to tell Cassius the good news of them defeating Octavius but find him dead. Titinius places a victory wreath on Cassius head and then kills himself with Cassius' sword another honourable death. Antony is searching for Brutus. Brutus admits defeat and runs onto his sword held by his servant. Antony and Octavius find the bodies of Cassius and Brutus and Antony comments on Brutus saying "the noblest roman of them all" and says that he only killed Caesar out of a sense of common good; all the others killed him out of envy. Although the Romans regarded suicide as noble, the Elizabethans watching would have thought it dishonourable as they believed that only god had the power to take life. Shakespeare is careful to show the Elizabethan audience that the murder of Caesar has not gone unpunished. This is not simply a case of sticking to historical facts. It would have been very dangerous for a playwright to have suggested that a king could be murdered without any fear of reprisal. It was still thought by the Elizabethans that the king of England was appointed by god and that god would punish anyone who harmed his chosen representative on earth. 1782 words Sources: York notes Fraser Gregory 1 ...read more.

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