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The Crucible - Arthur Miller

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Introduction

The Crucible The play "The Crucible" was written by Arthur Miller, which is a study of mass hysteria, the play is not written as a conventional tragedy but it based on a real life story which is adapted. Miller writes this play as a type of nemesis showing the problem going out of hand. Miller had written this play on personal influences that effected his life. Miller believed that "tragedy" was not confined to the rich and important, but that the story of an ordinary man's failure was just as moving and horrendous. Every tragedy consists of a hero with a fatal flaw. Proctor in this play shows how one man's name meant to him. Miller considered name was very important. Miller who was summoned for "The McCarthy Witch trails," which took place in the 1950s found himself just like Proctor under pressure as he witnessed a similar trail, as the one's he wrote about in "The Crucible" where the Committee in charge asked witnesses to name names. This incident was used in the play and was taken from experiences which effected his life. In the autobiography Miller tells us that he has known about witchcraft, since his college days. The play was written from experiences like these, which regulated Miller to write the Crucible. Miller's play evokes the audience to feel what the Characters feel this makes us empathise with both Elizabeth and Proctor, so if either Character became physically or mentally hurt the audience would feel it as well. ...read more.

Middle

Miller uses imagery in his piece and creates a image for the audience. Similes are used in the play to describe Proctors feelings and actions. In Act 2 Miller creates a dramatic structure where a problem is about to be resolved and then Miller twists it, so a character intervenes and the problem is not resolved. This creates an effect where tension is raised and lowered, to effect the audience, and keep the audience waiting, also this can be used to create a eventual climax. At the start of the play Elizabeth is asked for her opinion she replies by saying she cannot judge John. In Act 4 Proctor asks her opinion this shows that Proctor is powerless and so puts dough in his mind, of what decision he is going to take. This creates tension, as we do not know what is going to happen. During Act four Proctor continually says this sentence. "I will have my life." This prepares the audience for what is to happen. If Proctor was to die and here he says he wants to live this would create tension, as it says he wants to live. This would create a climax, as we do not know what option Proctor would go for. Elizabeth tries to help release Proctors torment by supporting him. "I am not your Judge. ...read more.

Conclusion

Danforth tries to make it clear to Proctor: "Is that document a lie?" I find this quote quite ironic. Miller uses a dramatic effect of silence by displaying the character either thinking or waiting. This creates tension in the audience as well as tension between the two characters. Danforth knows that Proctor is not lying which seems again very ironic. Proctor gains sympathy as his tears run down his face, this helps to build a tragedy and create a tragic climax. Elizabeth supports Proctor on his decision, and the audience knows that Proctors fate is at its end. Rebecca helps Proctor to go on with his decision. Hale tries to convince Elizabeth in one last effort, which creates tension, but we know it's too late. Hale knows injustice has occurred which adds to the climax as we know Proctor is a innocent man. I conclude that Proctor was a innocent man who was respected well respected by many people in Salem. He was emotionally separate with his wife. Overall he was a honourable person who believed in his morals which he stuck to, even though he committed lechery, Elizabeth still loved him. The trails with Danforth and the others were unjust and the inevitable was waiting for Proctor. Miller tried to create tension, which led to a emotional response, through Proctor. In the end this created, a tragic climax, which was what Miller wanted in this play. This was created by many techniques. In the end a great man Proctor died by hanging. ...read more.

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