• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The darkness out there". Penelope Lively develops Mrs. Rutters character in many ways, with clues early on to her true self.

Extracts from this document...


Penelope Lively develops Mrs. Rutters character in many ways, with clues early on to her true self. Sandra?s views on the characters change by the end, also Kerry is seen to change his character.At the end of the story it is Kerry who takes the initiative, and passes judgement on Mrs. Rutter. ?In Sandra's eyes he had grown; he had got older and larger...? One of the ways Mrs. Rutter?s character is portrayed by Penelope Lively is through her environment, both historically and geographically. The house is introduced sending out two different messages. One is that of a quaint homely place. This can be recognized through the descriptions of the china ornaments, ?big-eyed flop-eared rabbits and beribboned kittens and flowery milkmaids and a pair of naked chubby children wearing daisy chains?. Firstly, this gives the impression of a cuddly ?grandmother? figure, but then the picture is broken with the mention of the ?smell of cabbage?. This comment conflicts with the otherwise friendly scene to suggest something is not rite. The house reflects Mrs. Rutter?s character. An example of this is ?her eyes investigated, quick as mice?. Later, the house mirrors this comment by the author describing that it ?smelt of damp and mouse?. ...read more.


The way Mrs. Rutter always watches Sandra and ?glinting from the cushions? gives an uneasy feel towards her. When Kerry returns inside Mrs. Rutter begins her anecdote. He asks if she saw the plane come down and she chuckles, seeming to delight in the idea. She explains how her and her sister went to investigate the scene and was only going to get help if it was an allied plane. This alarms Kerry. Her twisted side becomes more apparent when she says, ?We cheered, I can tell you? as they realized it was German. Sandra is alarmed and quips how awful it was, but Mrs. Rutter, who disregards her discomfort, abruptly interrupts her she is so involved in telling the story. She tries to soften what she is saying by ?sugaring the pill?, for example friendly additives such as ?my duck? to unsettling sentences. She refers to the injured man in the broken plane as ?that site?. She mentions nothing about the man himself but just remarks how ?it wasn?t a pretty site?. She is unmoved when the German was crying ?mutter, mutter?. This shows she is a cold, heartless woman. She recollects easily how she left the man in pain because it was raining. ...read more.


sparse which contrasts with the harsh reality of the tragic event that takes place In conclusion I think both writers have used a range of innovative techniques and language devices to make the stories more shocking to the reader. In ?when the wasp drowned ?the stark contrast of innocence being snatched from the children creates a chilling tone throughout the story along with the usage of first person of eveline looking back on her childhood. By having the whole language in a colloquial manner we have an incredible insight to sandra?s thoughts and feelings and I like the fairytale like setting in the story as it provides a greater difference between reality and a dream like world. As a result of these techniques I think an evident contrast in characterisation and tone is presented to the reader in a consistent manner In ?when the wasp drowned? and ?the darkness out there? the concept of appearance and reality is presented within the charcters and the twisted storyline. A number of techniques such as symbolism, tone an narrative are used to portray these themes to the reader. In ?when the wasps drowned? eveline is portrayed as being mature and protective over her siblings and more importantly the truth of the ring. In ?the darkness out there ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Other Authors essays

  1. The Intersection of External Time and Internal Time in Mrs Dalloway

    By imitating the process of thoughts, Woolf brings the reader closer to the characters' life and feelings. For instance, Septimus' story is partly built through his own stream of consciousness. The reader learns about his madness and his problems through his thoughts.

  2. How are traditional American values portrayed in this post-apocalyptic world of Cormac McCarthys The ...

    The fact that the man and robber are prepared to leave the other to die of the cold and starvation, represents how McCarthy's world has changed human nature and the love thy neighbour and 'do unto others only what you would want done to yourself' ethics are left disregarded and one cares for no-one but themselves..

  1. Are Lord And Lady Capulet Good Parents?

    paid he wanted them to get rid of it proving he didn't just want money for it. The White family are at first unsure what to wish for, Mr. White says "I've got all I want" not being a materialistic man and being very family driven/orientated he believes that having

  2. Dubliners - From your reading of Eveline, Araby and A Little Cloud, write about ...

    She sees how her dad is old and can not look after himself with out her help. "Araby" is a short story by Joyce that I believe is a reflection of his own life as a boy growing up in Dublin.

  1. Write about how one character from Morris Lurie's 'Pride and Joy' is presented and ...

    By exploring Billy's inappropriate choice of lifestyle in great detail, Lurie expresses his theme, which is to take care when choosing your lifestyle. Billy's desire to please his father and to control is reiterated by the motif of alcohol. Billy is too young to be drinking as much alcohol as

  2. This essay will analyse an extract from the book Help by Penelope Lively.

    Likewise Jenny seems self-conscious and uncomfortable and finds herself ?blushing and talking too much.? The use of the present participle ending verb ?blushing? indicates that jenny is continuously growing uncomfortable and trying to dismiss the tense atmosphere. Jenny seems to feel as if she?s struck gold with Mrs Porch.

  1. "In the Darkness out there" Lively also uses language to make Packers End seem ...

    ''Nasty, dark, crumbling, rusty, scraps and creepy.'' Lively also uses short sentences on purpose e.g. ''Then it was the German plane. And other things too.'' this is used to add dramatic tension, which is useful for creating an impact on the audience.

  2. In when the wasp drowned and the darkness out there the theme of death ...

    This creates another sense of fear to the reader as it is frankly shocking how Eveline can be so cool and calm about this whole event. Also the reader first gets an insight into the actual voice of the story when after the opening the phrase ?that was the summer?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work