• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The extent to which Shakespeare allows the audience to feel sympathetic or hostile towards the character of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The extent to which Shakespeare allows the audience to feel sympathetic or hostile towards the character of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice One of the most interesting and interesting characters in the Merchant of Venice is Shylock. Throughout his five scenes in the play he is looked down upon, betrayed, deserted, punished and humiliated by Christian people, his daughter and all those that will eventually need his money. His faith and his way of making a living are the Christians. Shylocks first appearance in the Merchant of Venice is in Act 1 Scene 3, where Bassanio is talking about Antonio taking out a loan on his behalf. Shylock seems jovial in this first scene, before the Christians start to heap insults upon him. I believe that this scene may contain the only true indicator of Shylocks true part, i.e. an agreeable businessman. This view is unfortunately shattered by the arrival of Antonio and his good credit rating. Shylock hates Antonio, not only on principle, as the Christians hate him, but also due to Antonio's own money lending activities and this, his cardinal sin, of charging no interest. As Shylock says, hate him for he is a Christian; but more, for in low simplicity he lends out money for nothing, and brings down the rate of nuisance here with us in Venice. Even now, you can recognise Shylocks hatred, firstly upon principle of religion, and secondly hatred on behalf of his business, which may be the most important thing to Shylock apart from his religion. ...read more.

Middle

For instance, to obtain a good evaluation of Shylock's attitude towards other Jews we must observe his behaviour around his daughter, Jessica, but even this is tainted with family ties. Shylock's absence of a wife does pose questions as to how close he and his daughter are, and if whatever treatment he gives her can be justified by his mourning. Shylock is not portrayed as the model father, but we will have to assume this from his one scene with his daughter, Jessica, and of course the later scene after she has stolen his money. Years of words falling upon Shylock's unaware ears must have led up to Jessica's parting words, I have a father, you a daughter lost I believe that this implies that Shylock believes he acts with his daughters good interest in mind, but will not listen to her. In the second scene there is much evidence for Shylock valuing money over his daughter, portrayed in the internal conflict with his crisis of, my daughter! My ducats this is good source material, even though it comes from a third party. The sheer inhumanity of valuing ducats over daughter, or even the contemplation of such a point, must leave the audience reeling, thus continuing the roller coaster of the audiences feeling towards Shylock: hating him one minute and pitying him the next. Toying with the audience's emotions was always a pastime of Shakespeare. ...read more.

Conclusion

But even this can boil down to money. Shylock talks constantly of money, occasionally valuing it over his own flesh and blood, i.e. his beloved daughter. Antonio had a different love of money; he enjoyed seeing himself as the provider and feeling more important for it. Was this proof to his shallow character? Did he believe that he could make no difference to the world without giving handouts? Proof of this comes at the end of the play, when he finishes alone as Shylock. As poetry goes, it is rather sarcastic. As for Bassanio, why did he ever want to marry Portia? By the end of the play, I had almost forgotten that the only reason was because he wanted a steady source of income without the hassle of working. I think that Bassanio may have been just as tricky as Shylock. He worked out that by showing his greed to Portia during the test, would spell the end of the relationship. Portia could even have been in it for greed. If not for money, then maybe different guarantee, lust for Bassanio could be interpreted as greed, could it not? If you think about it, all the characters are driven by greed when you get down to it. As I stated earlier, Shylock's race had little or nothing to do with the outcome of the play. If he had been a Christian moneylender, the same would have happened. In the end, the saying is true: money is the root of all evil. Michael Sparrow 11DB English Coursework Mr Robson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Merchant of Venice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Merchant of Venice essays

  1. To what extent does Shakespeare intend the audience to sympathize with Shylock in the ...

    If you tickle us do we not laugh?" stating that he is not merely a religion, which he is seen as by the people who discriminate against him, he is a human. This particular sentence has become very famous, and further evokes sympathy and shows that Shylock is human with feelings and has a valid reason for wanting revenge.

  2. 'How does Shakespeare present Shylock to the audience as both a stereotype and a ...

    By showing Shylock as demanding his bond, Shakespeare lives up to the image that an Elizabethan audience would expect, a villainous unforgiving devil, "How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none?" the duke asks Shylock, he might assume Shylock is doing this as a sick, demented joke.

  1. How Does Shakespeare Influence Audience Opinion Of Shylock in 'The Merchant Of Venice'.

    despise Shylock is because of what he does with his money (lend it out for profit) but Antonio does the same thing with his trading, but in a different way. This irony is highlighted in Act Four, Scene One, by Portia "[Portia]Which is the merchant here?

  2. Do you think Shylock was treated fairly by the Christians?Was his behaviour justified?

    When Shylock realises he has been caught out he asks for the settlement to end the bond. 'I take this offer then; pay the bond thrice and let the Christian go'. This shows what Shylock is really like and is only prepared to unfold the law when it suits him.

  1. The Merchant of Venice - Critical Evaluation.

    a happy solution to the many problems the character had already faced, i.e. Bassanio was cleared of all his debts, Jessica escaped from her father and Portia was freed from her fathers will. But the others who stayed unmarried became isolated like Antonio and Shylock.

  2. Merchant of Venice- Scene by Scene summary & analysis

    He thus chooses the lead casket and finds Portia's picture inside. Bassanio is overjoyed by the picture and remarks that it is a beautiful "counterfeit". He then takes the scroll and reads it: "You that choose not by the view / Chance as fair and choose as true" (3.2.131-132).

  1. With close reference to the text, explore how Shakespeare presents the character Shylock in ...

    The first point where sympathy is gained is at the beginning of the scene where Bassanio asks Shylock to dine with him. Shylock replies: "I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, but I will not eat with you, drink with you nor pray

  2. How does Shakespeare portray character and relationships in Act 1 Scene 3 of 'The ...

    and then links the separate points by saying: "Three thousand ducat for three months, and Antonio bond" (lines 1-10). Shylock is shown as a good businessman as he is reeling Bassanio in even though he fully intends to lend the money anyway.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work