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The first description of Scrooge emphasises his harsh, unforgiving personality, which is mirrored in his physical features:

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GCSE English Coursework - Prose study Scrooge Around the time when Charles Dickens wrote the now world famous novel a Christmas Carol, Britain was divided into 'two nations' - the rich and the poor. At the height of the industrial revolution many people had moved from the country to the city, making larger cities populations increase rapidly over a short period of time. As a result of this enormous population increase people were forced to live in extreme poverty; enduring cramped living conditions with little food and possessions. Many people were un-employed or found it hard to keep a reliable source of income as the population increase brought competition , however even the employed were made to work exceedingly long hours in dangerous conditions for insufficient pay. Victorian England was facing an uncontrollable crisis, yet the 'rich nation' was unwilling to help as they viewed the poor as the 'great unwashed' and saw them as inferior. Many of the rich, just like Scrooge, saw the poor as idle and believed that Union Work Houses were sufficient help to those dealing with severe poverty. However many of the rich had not fully seen or experienced the living conditions the poor had to cope with. Up until the age of ten Dickens family was moderately wealthy, however, this time of prosperity came to an abrupt end when his father, after spending too much money entertaining and retaining his social position was imprisoned at Marshalsea debtors' prison. ...read more.


Throughout the beginning of the novel Dickens reinforced Scrooges views on Christmas to show how his '.....' personality had drastically changed after being visited by the series of ghosts on Christmas Eve. When scrooge is visited by the ghost of his business partner, Jacob Marley, Scrooge tries to convince himself he is suffering from a 'slight disorder of the stomach' however the truth was that he tried to be smart, as a means of distracting his own attention, and this again reminds the reader of Scrooges persistent and stubborn nature. In his visit from Marley, Scrooge is told that he has a 'chance and hope' of escaping the same terrible fate that he himself has suffered. Marley is covered in chains which represent his greed during his time on earth and he explains to Scrooge that 'charity, mercy, forbearance and benevolence' should have been and now should be his business in order to redeem his selfish past. Marley's visit as the first ghost represents the beginning of Scrooges change of his ways and it shows Scrooge the possibility of his own redemption. The second Ghost to visit Scrooge, the Ghost of Christmas past, takes him back to when he worked as an apprentice for his first employer Fezziwig. ...read more.


Dickens includes this as it makes the audience believe Scrooge is now changing for the better to benefit not only him, but the poorer nation as well. Finally Scrooge is visited by the ghost of Christmas yet to come who informs Scrooge that he will die a lonely death with no concern from anyone else unless he changes his views on money and social classes. On hearing this news Scrooge proclaims that he 'is not the man he was' and at this point the reader will also believe this as Scrooges attitude has changed as the visits from ghost progressed. He truly wants to be a different man and change for the better, not just to secure his own fate but also Tiny Tim's. At the end of the novel Scrooges attitude towards money and social classes has changed greatly he believes he will live in the 'past present and future', take nothing for granted and be the kind hearted man that his business partner Jacob Marley wanted him to be. He is now extremely happy with his own situation with money but also willing to help others that are not so well off like his employee Bob Cratchit who he donated the Christmas turkey to as an act of good will and the charity collector ...read more.

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