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The letter from Macbeth to Lady Macbeth

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Macbeth Coursework The letter from Macbeth to Lady Macbeth My Dear LADY A plan is forming itself in my mind and may result in my ascendance to the throne. The war with Norway has been won, and much credit for the deed has been bestowed upon me. Indeed I slew in battle one of our foes Macdonwald and mounted his head upon the battlements for all to behold. Somehow word of my victory reacted king Duncan's ears, he was proud of me. A very strange and frightening thing happened to me. I must introduce the three weird sisters to you, whom in encountered on a heath. They cried "All hail", Macbeth! Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, thou shalt be king hereafter. I enquired them of their meaning, at which they evaporated into thin air. They told Banquo his children would mount to the throne this qualms me as our children will not be next in line we must dismiss Banquo. As I stood rapt in wonder at the vision, the Kings own messengers rode up and hailed me Thane of Cawdor, the previous one having deflected. Their announcement struck me dumb. It was predominately the manifestation of one of the witch's prophecies. king Duncan has selected his son as the heir to the throne, this indeed torments me as it means I will not become King, "this is a step on which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, for in my way it lies". Now the question that distresses me perpetually is this: shall I become king hereafter, as these three weird sisters addressed me. I do passionately hope so and this news I have thought to deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing by being ignorant of what greatness is promised thee. Although I respected Duncan as a king now that the weird sisters have told me I will accede to the throne, I am really impatient for Duncan to lie in his grave. ...read more.


At the beginning of the play he has great love and affection for his wife however at the end he is thoughtless and cruel towards her. In this essay I will explain why Macbeth decides to kill Duncan and how the murder changes him. I will examine his character before and after the murder. I will support my ideas with the appropriate quotations from the play. Before we see Macbeth his reputation is described by king Duncan and by the captain, this immediately tells us that he is a well recognised figure and he will play a important part in the play. The captain says "for brave Macbeth well deserves that name ..." this speech portrays the fact Macbeth is a courageous fighter and he has murdered many people from the conflicting army. This illustrates the information that Macbeth has a fine status. The King, Duncan says "o valiant cousin worthy gentlemen!" this is directed towards Macbeth and there is four meanings in this short speech. This shows that he is brave ,he also uses the word cousin which means that Duncan and Macbeth are close to each other and Macbeth is like a relative to him. He also calls Macbeth "worthy gentlemen" which means he is a pleasant man and Duncan believes he is a nobleman and a strong fighter. Duncan believes he is a loyal and respectful man and Macbeth has a good reputation. Loyalty between them is strong and this adds to the horror and gruesomeness of the murder. In this part of the play the witches come to the scene and this is very relevant to the question because they set Macbeth on his murderous path. When the witches come on to the scene they say "all hail Macbeth, hail thee, Thane of Glamis", this is the first prophecy and it is a revelation to Macbeth as it he feels how do they know about him being the thane of glamis, he is surprised as these weird sisters have never seen or met him in his life. ...read more.


Shakespeare creates a mixed mood about Macbeth before we see him as there are good things said about him from the king and by the captain. When Macbeth thinks about his dilemma suspense is created, this is done by making him ambivalent and this creates tension as we do not realise what he is going to do. Macbeth murders Duncan off stage this is done so the audience focus on the character and his feelings rather than the gruesomeness of the murder. The murder can be imagined, however we see how the murder affects Macbeth. We are horrified at Macbeth because he has comitted regicide and he has become an evil man. We feel pity for him because he was anxious about doing the murder and he was manipulated by his wife to carry out the murder we feel sympathy for Macbeth because he is out of control and he has lost all peace of mind. We do not feel as much sympathy for Lady Macbeth because she has let her self into this crime so she should deal with it. Macbeth can be summarised into a character although strong physically he is very weak mentally and it is this weakness which causes the downfall and change of Macbeth. Other factors do however also contribute to this change such as his wife whose ambition is very strong at first and is much stronger mentally than Macbeth but it is also Macbeth's ambition and his trust in the witches which ultimately change him. Macbeth changes from a noble gentleman to an evil villain who by the end of the play has no feelings, not even for his dearest love. Most of Macbeth is in blank verse, but parts are in prose and some sections are in rhymed verses. An effective device in "Macbeth" which adds to the gloomy atmosphere of the play is shakesphere's dark imagery, this is as early as the first scene when all the witches say "fair is foul and foul is fair, hover through the fog and filthy air". This shows the imagery of darkness and fear. ...read more.

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