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The Long March: China 1934-1935

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Introduction

The Long March: China 1934-1935 Long March was a long retreat from Chinese Communism's first experiment. The party, founded in the early 1920s, had siezed power in 1927 Jianxi, encouraging peasants to drive out feudal landlords and sharing out the land. Soon they controlled an area of 50 million people and represented a major threat to the Nationalist. ...read more.

Middle

Nationalist forces surrounded Jianxi, a million people died in the fighting, starvation and disease brought on by the blockade. 87,000 soldiers started the retreat carrying such items as typewriters, furniture, printing presses etc. They also took with them 33,000 guns and nearly 2 million ammunition cartridges. It took the Red Army 40 days to get through the blockhouses surrounding Jiangxi but the Nationalist attacked them at Xiang. ...read more.

Conclusion

They fought 14 major battles, traversed 12 provinces - many larger than most European countries - and marched once for ten days through uninhabited lands without any food or water supplies. Overcoming numerous natural obstacles and despite constant harassment by Nationalist troops and the armies of provincial warlords, the Red Army arrived at its new home in the north in Oct, 1935 Communists suffered 150,000 to 170,000 casualties and defections of the approximately 200,000 who started from Kiangsi Only 28,000 marchers reached Shaanxi province, where they established a new headquarters at Yan'an. ...read more.

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