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The novel Frankenstein is as relevant and terrifying today as it

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Introduction

James Duckworth 10XB Coursework The novel Frankenstein is as relevant and terrifying today as it was when it was first Published in 1818. Explain how Mary Shelly makes her narrative effective and why it has fascinated And shocked audiences for nearly 190 years! Focus on Chapter 5, but refer to the novel as a whole. Mary Shelley was born on August 30th, 1797, in London. Her parents were two free thinkers of this era. Her father, William Godwin, was a celebrated philosopher and historian. Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary's mother was every bit as much a radical thinker as Godwin. She believed strongly in women's rights. Mary was brought up as an individual and encouraged by her parents to be a free thinker. Both her parents thought that her potential as a writer could be developed and treated her as if she had been born under a lucky star. Through her childhood there were many famous people who came to visit the Godwin's - philosophers, writers and poets, Mary would have spent time listening to their conversations and talking to them. At 16 years old Mary ran away to live with the poet Percy Shelly who was married. Her parents disowned her for running off and living with a married man. It was while she was living with Shelly she wrote Frankenstein. Mary and Shelly went to stay with the poet Byron at his house in Switzerland. Byron was having a party and it was at this party that a challenge was set for the partygoers to write the scariest novel ever written. ...read more.

Middle

It is here that the reader realises that the creature was not created to be evil but is rejected by Victor when he only wanted to be accepted. The next day brings no hope for Victor. The sky is 'comfortless' and the weather is 'dismal' and 'wet'. Victor is dreading meeting the creature and the weather reflects his despair. Mary Shelly makes the opening paragraph powerful by using commas to separate the words. Victor begins to walk the streets where he feels haunted by a 'nameless horror' and Mary Shelly builds up the suspense - 'I did not dare to return to the apartment', 'felt impelled to hurry on,' and again the weather reflecting the mood, 'drenched by the rain which poured from a black and comfortless sky'. Mary Shelly also uses a lot of imagery e.g. the 'white steeple clock' and the court as an 'asylum'. The references to black in this section symbolise the gothic connection. To enhance the feeling of pursuit between creator and creation Mary Shelly uses some lines from the Ancient Mariner: - 'Like one who, on a lonely road, Doth walk in fear and dread, And, having once turned round, walks on, And turns no more his head; because he knows a frightful fiend Doth close behind him tread.' This poem is recited as Victor is walking. It continues to help build suspense and Mary Shelly describes Victors walking as 'hurried' and with 'irregular steps' like a caged animal and suggesting something bad is going to happen. ...read more.

Conclusion

If it agitates you;' but a letter had arrived from Victors cousin and because he had not replied for so long they were beginning to worry and would be happy to receive a 'letter from you in your James Duckworth 10XB Coursework own handwriting. They hardly know how ill you have been, and are uneasy at your long silence.' I think the book is still as popular today as it was then because of the issues it deals with are just as important today as they were then e.g. morality. We are still pursuing knowledge to create life and we are even closer today to actually achieving this with cloning techniques, genetic engineering and artificial insemination. We are genetically modifying plants and are beginning to debate if it is moral to do this on animals. Scientists are beginning to manipulate DNA to eradicate genetic diseases. Many people think these developments are wrong and the book makes us question whether we should be playing God like this. There are also many examples in the newspapers of where medical knowledge has been kept from the public that has gone on to cause harm. For example the tobacco industry and smoking, the use of thalidomide all kept secret by the pharmaceutical companies. The book has many messages. The main one is to not play god. The main topics of the book are life and death, religion and science. I think the further we progress in science the more irrelevant religion will become because people will chose to believe science. This is because science proves its theories with facts and in religion you are meant to have beliefs without questioning the word of God. 1 ...read more.

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