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The parallels between Animal Farm and soviet history.

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Introduction

THE PARALLELS BETWEEN ANIMAL FARM AND SOVIET HISTORY Prior to writing Animal Farm, George Orwell had stated: "History consists of a series of swindles, in which the masses are first lured into revolt by the promise of Utopia, and then, when they have done their job, enslaved over again as new masters" Together this statement and Soviet History provided a basis for a political allegory which is depicted through Animals and tells of the tribulations which surround certain political ideals. In many ways, the story parallels to an era of soviet history from the revolution in 1917 to the Teheran Conference in 1943. When many critiques review this book they fail to realize how each significant detail parallels to an entity in soviet history. The story, Animal Farm, begins with a speech by Old Major. Old Major believes that 'man' is taking from the 'working' animals and he feels that the animals should unite and commence a rebellion to overthrow man. Similarly, Major's speech is an accurate account of Marxism and it is very similar to the last paragraph of the Communist Manifesto (1848): The communists openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible over throw of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at the Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains; They have a world to win. WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE! After the Animals had overtaken the farm and the Animal Farm was established, "Everyone worked according to his capacity," (pg 27, Orwell). ...read more.

Middle

The very name Snowball refers to Trotsky's white hair and the fact that he cowered in the presence of Stalin opposition. Unlike Napoleon, Snowball's personality contained eloquence and vivaciousness and the ability to speak and write. He was energetic and intelligent. Deutscher writes of Trotsky in 1921, besides running on the army and serving on the Politbureau: "He was busy with a host of other assignments each of which would have a full-time job for any man of less vitality and ability. He led, for instance, the Society of the Goddess ... He was at this time Russia's chief intellectual inspirer and leading critic. He frequently addresses audiences" Orwell writes of a similar description of Snowball in a seemingly comical yet in a real manner: (pg 29, Orwell) Snowball also busied himself with organizing the other animals into what he called Animal Committees ...He formed the Egg Production Committee for the hens, the Clean Tail League for the Cows, The Wild Comrades Re-Education committee ....and various others, besides instituting classes in reading and writing. Two of the most important battles between Trotsky and Stalin are displayed through the fable. Trotsky's parallel Snowball "conjured up pictures of fantastic machines which would do their work for them while they grazed at their ease in the fields ....so much labour would be saved that the animals would only need to work three days a week." (pg 44, Orwell) Trotsky fought for the manufacture over the agriculture and the need for industrialization among the nation. ...read more.

Conclusion

(pg 100, Orwell) Lastly, one of the things that Stalin was known for was his sense of deceiving diplomacy. After securing his power within Russia, he turned his attention to creating chaos in Europe and attempted to "play off" democracies against Hitler. Deutscher describes Stalin's actions, "He still kept his front doors open for the British and the French and confined the contact with the Germans to the back stairs... It is still impossible to say confidently to which part of the game Stalin then attached the greatest importance: to the plot acted on the stage or to the subtle counter-plot." (Meyers, 113) Likewise, the Animals were amazed when found out the Napoleon's friendship with Pilkington was really a secret relationship with Frederick. Although, Napoleon received a consequence when the Bank nsotes from Frederick, which symbolize the non-aggression pact between Hitler and Stalin, were forgeries. Frederick also attacks animal farm without warning and destroys the windmill. Animal Farm is a brilliantly allegorized political tale and the significance of the story becomes much clearer when compared to the actual political history. It tells the story of Russian history but at the same time it can be compared to other countries in their struggle for power. The struggle is not restricted to governments but people as well. Animal Farm is just simply about power in different political ideals and what it does to those that yield it. Lord Acton once said in a letter that: "power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely, good men are always bad men. George Orwell did an excellent job in portraying this reality through the animals of Animal Farm. ...read more.

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