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The role of the witches

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The role of the witches The main function of having the witches in Macbeth's is to make a comparison between Macbeth's conscious, real world and Macbeth's unconscious, dream world. In this essay, I will briefly consider Sigmund Freud's theories of dreams and the unconscious. I will then go on to talk about the nature of the witches and their relationship with Macbeth. Then I will go on to the relationship between witches and the society of the play. Then finally I will go on to say about their other functions and then conclude the piece. An Austrian named Sigmund Freud had a theory on dreams and the unconscious, which I believe, applies to 'Macbeth'. Sigmund in 1923 proposed a new dynamic model of the human psyche. He believed that our brain was divided into three principal parts. The 'ID' was the primitive, unconscious; dream world, which he believed, was mainly dominated by primary urges. ...read more.


The witches all chant and speak in rhyme and riddle, which is a traditional feature of a seventeenth century 'real' witch. There are three witches. The witches as well as being typical of 'real' witches in the seventeenth century are also disorderly and chaotic like dreams, they both do not keep to spatial reality or time, there are both blurry you never seem to see the full picture, they both show some connection to real life because the witches seem to show what Macbeth desires are and how he can get the, just like a fantasy dream might show what we want and desire. What Macbeth wants is more power and more power for him is to become the king and the witches just like our dreams would present us with what it would be like but the witches go further than dreams and tell him how he could obtain his desires. Both dreams and the witches are unrealistic; they do not conform to an ordinary structure. ...read more.


Maybe William Shakespeare uses the witches to send a message over to us the interpreter that we should not follow our desires and we should repress them because no good can come of them. Another function of the witches in Macbeth is as an embarrassment they wander into this otherwise serious play and mutter mumbo-jumbo about toads and liver. They are like an uninvited guest who keeps on reappearing. I believe that if we took the witches out of Macbeth not only would it make no sense it is as though there are realer than anyone else is. The witches no more than anyone else about what are going on. They are closer to the audience's point of view than anyone else. They are practically the narrators. I conclude that the witch's main function in Macbeth is to make comparison between Macbeth's conscious, real world and Macbeth's unconscious, dream world. However, there are many other functions, which would be absurd to overlook if you wanted to see the full picture of why the witches are in Macbeth. ...read more.

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