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The Russian Revolution and Animal Farm

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Introduction

The comparison of characters, items, and events compared between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution is shown greatly through Orwell's unique use of symbolism and contrast. Orwell expressed his concern that Socialism had taken a harsh fall under the control of Russia's dominating government of communism; this is what inspired him to write Animal Farm. The term Animalism is introduced to readers for the very first time in this novel and is used to describe the movement in which the animals are working toward. Because the animals are poorly fed and over worked, a demand for revolution from the animals begins when their lifestyle is rapidly transformed into a means of slavery. Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, is constantly drunk and regularly forgets to take proper care of the animals. The withholding of food is what finally forced the animals on the farm to rebel. In Russia, there were many food shortages which caused many civilians to demonstrate rebellion. When soldiers were ordered to suppress them, things got out of control. Soviet workers and soldiers formed a special group and established a government. It is clearly shown in Animal Farm that if a population is suppressed and not allowed to accumulate things for themselves then an overthrow of the government that is suppressing them will be the result. This "Animalist" movement is lead by Old Major. ...read more.

Middle

After the revolution, she was never around when there was work to be done. Eventually it is discovered that she has many rendezvous with a man that pays attention to her. She eventually leaves the farm to work as a carriage horse. By doing this, she is granted the individuality and freedom she wanted. Mollie represents the people of Russia that were vain. These people were apathetic to the revolution in Russia and were only worried about themselves. These people eventually fled to other more prosperous countries to fulfill their selfish needs. In contrast to the vain people, there were loyal, more gullible people that were fooled into thinking that Stalin was good just because he was "Communist." Even after Stalin revealed himself to be a ruthless tyrant, these people continued to support his regime. Boxer, a loyal, hardworking horse, exerted himself to the fullest under Napoleon's rule. He woke earlier than all the animals to do extra work and if anything were to go wrong, he would say to himself: "I must work harder." Later in the book he assumes another motto to explain the tyranny of Napoleon with: "Napoleon is always right." This foolishness eventually runs Boxer out of strength and he collapses. The conniving Napoleon offers to help by arranging a visit to a veterinarian and it is then that Boxer's friend, Benjamin, a wise donkey, discovers that Boxer is not sent to a doctor but to a butcher. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is ironic that the downfall of the windmill the animals tried to construct several times throughout the book can represent the downfall of the Soviet government. Orwell died long before this took place. After this happened, the communists changed the country's name to the Soviet Union, but after its collapse more recently, the country is back to Russia. In the book, the farm was titled Manor Farm and changed to Animal Farm. In the end, Napoleon converts it back to "The Manor Farm." Even after the revolution and all the changes made, the animals reverted back to the same way of life as before it all started. At the end of this novel, it is clearly seen that Animal Farm is much worse a place for the common animal then it had been previous to the revolution. The food is scarce, the leadership is harsh, and the workload is exhausting. The conditions of normal everyday life on the farm had changed for the worse. The pigs, the leaders of Manor farm, celebrate their victory in winning a position in the higher places of life while the other animals still work hard, eat little, and follow the relentless rules of their new life. However, if a population is suppressed and not allowed to speak for themselves, an overthrow of government is the result. This is how history recorded the Russian Revolution and Animal Farm brilliantly demonstrated the political aspects of the revolution through symbolism and contrast of characters, items, and events. ...read more.

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