• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The significance of the battle of the Somme

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The significance of the battle of the Somme In military terms, there were many achievements by the British at The Battle of the Somme even though many losses were also sustained and instinctively it looked like a failure. The plan was to rise from the trenches and walk across no-mans land, slowly with arms spread wide. However, they were ignorant to the fact that the Germans were waiting for them with their machine guns at the ready. Many things went wrong with this assault for example some people say that the bombardment wasn't heavy enough, others say that enemy wire was not cut enough to let the allied troops through, leaving them as targets for machine guns, but many of the British shells were duds made by inexperienced workers and there was a considerable lack of communication between soldiers and from commanders over their battalions. ...read more.

Middle

Many machines were also enhanced as a result of their failure on the Somme such as the tanks which were perfected dramatically and could literally drive over the trenches. Tactics were also improved after the Somme where the 'creeping barrage' was used but not to its full extent. It was extremely successful, though, when used on July 15th. Another success was demoralising the Germans as backed up by source C where a soldier in the 110th infantry reserve wrote home saying 'we have had dreadful losses again. I shall not get leave I suppose until we have left the Somme, but with our losses what they are, this cannot be long or there will not be a single man left in the regiment' This shows just how desperate the German army was. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Somme deeply wounded the German army giving them a great disadvantage in the coming battles. The main aim of the battle of the Somme was to remove pressure on the French at Verdun. This was achieved drawing the battle to the Somme. This was a great step as it also gained the French trust, and allowed the British to fight alongside them. This also kept the French in the war as without British help they were losing greatly and just wouldn't have been able to continue. Finally, even though it was done of their own accord, the Germans retreated to higher ground. The British gained twelve kilometres at parts over four and a half months. This is a fairly small gain of a piece of land but they gained the land anyway so it is considered an achievement in itself, as the Germans retreated. ?? ?? ?? ?? James Levine history coursework - question 1 5/10/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE War Poetry essays

  1. Was the Battle of the Somme a success or a failure?

    General Haig believed that the plan had worked.You will find all the Germans dead ; not even a rat will have survived , The wire has never been so well cut . These are both quotes from General Haig. This source shows us how bad the information feed back to him was.

  2. To What Extent Was the Battle of the Somme a Disaster.

    Many of the Germans' best soldiers and commanders died in the battle leaving them weaker for later battles, although this does not really show in the casualty figures. Over 1.25 million soldiers died at the Somme, 420,000 British, 200,000 French and 500,000 German, so the deaths on each side were fairly even.

  1. Why is the battle of the Somme regarded as a great military ...

    I truly believe this is the main reason because of the events of the first day. This is because the fact that the troops were inexperienced the commanders were worried that their anxious troops would panic and run during the attack.

  2. Why is the battle of the Somme regarded as such a great military tragedy?

    Kitchener began to train his new army in August 1914. Most of these soldiers joined through their own patriotism. The Somme would be the volunteers first military experience, therefore the general believed that lack of experience would cause the soldiers to become disorganised and in a rush to attack.

  1. The popular myth of the Battle of Britain quickly emerged during the early part ...

    knowledge there are more, there was quite a large number of fighters from New Zealand and Canada. There were fighters from**. Because the book is written for students (and the public) we would expect the book to be quite reliable and useful and to have done good research.

  2. Why Did So Many Men die in the Battle of the Somme?

    Private G.S. Young who was in the battle Source D When the English came at us, it seemed that we could not stop them, but then we saw that they were walking. We had never seen that before. I saw one officer walking out in front with his stick.

  1. Why is the Battle of the Somme regarded as such a great military tragedy?

    This brings me onto my next point, tactics. The tactics used in the Somme were used over and over again even with the reports of high causalities. Also the tactics that were a success weren't built upon. The tactics that were used were; 1.artillery bombardment to destroy barbed wire, trenches, weapons and men.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    Interpretation 10 is taken from Memoirs of the Second World War, 1959 by Winston Churchill. Churchill is more open here than he could be during the War. He also comments on the importance of The Battle of Britain but mentions other factors in Britain's victory.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work