• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Tempest - Act IV Analysis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Tempest Act IV Analysis Written in 1611, Shakespeare's drama The Tempest, deals with issues of social order, as well as the 'natural order' of how society should function. Conflicts within the text indicate the need for order and a 'rightful' leader. These themes are reflections of the story, as Prospero the 'rightful leader' was usurped by his brother Antonio, after which, conflicts arise and the drama unfolds. Act four is an important scene in the play and it can be seen as a turning point in the play as well as functioning to produce meanings for the audience. The masque and the marriage act as a representation of a healthy social order, and thus prepare the audience for the mending of social order in the next scene. It also represents fifteenth century ideas of social order and social function of marriage. Finally, the characterization of characters such as Caliban and Prospero in this act shifts the views of the audience in order for the audience to agree with Caliban's defeat in the final act, and thus support a 'happy' and 'rightful' ending. ...read more.

Middle

To this, Iris responds that they are not. Which indicates that love and lust, being Venus and Cupid, are not present in the marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand. This is significant as Ceres explains that these Roman deities, Cupid and Venus, aided Pluto (Dis) in abducting her daughter, Proserpine. Thus lust and love in marriage was seen as indecent. The songs that Juno and Ceres sing during the masque are significant in representing marriage in the 'natural order of things', as Juno blesses the marriage with prosperity and wealth, as well as "honour", social propriety. Ceres wishes them harmony with the earth, as well as the fruitfulness of their lands, which can also be seen as fertility. This is reflective of fifteenth century values, where marriage is subtly glorified as in the 'natural order' given the concurrence on nature and marriage in Ceres' speech. Juno and Ceres also de-emphasize the role of love, personal feeling and sexuality in marriage; instead, choosing to focus on marriage's place in the social and natural orders which organizing society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Act four of the tempest is primarily a marriage, or betrothal scene featuring a masque to bless Miranda and Ferdinand. Within the speech of the three goddesses, Shakespeare is able to share ideas with the audience. Firstly, that marriage is a representation of a healthy social order, which prepares the audience for the rectification of order in the following act, where Prospero is once again Duke of Milan, and Caliban regains control of his island. The masque also represents fifteenth Century ideology of marriage and the natural order and social function, minus the love and feelings. Characterization of Prospero and Caliban function to eliminate the audience's contempt for prospero and sympathies for Caliban. These aspects of the audiences feelings are reversed, so that Prospero can be seen as the 'rightful' Duke of Milan, and thus the audience can relate to and support the 'happy' and 'right' ending, as their feelings have already been naturalized to the outcome. Overall, the act functions to prepare the reader for the end of the play, where the conflicts are resolved, and order is restored. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Tempest essays

  1. The Tempest Written By William Shakespeare - How does the opening scene capture the ...

    Gonzalo is an honest old counsellor. When Prospero was to have starved to death when exiled by boat, it was Gonzalo who provided food, clothing and books to comfort Prospero and the three year old Miranda. Stephano is a drunken butler, he attempts to kill Prospero and take the island for his own.

  2. Explore the dramatic impact of the tempest scene in Act 1, Scene 1 in ...

    My first reaction certainly was one of shock: how could such a seemingly gentle father be as wicked as to put people's lives in danger. This is another way of revealing people's true natures- in the proclamation that he is in fact to blame for the storm it also shows us that Prospero is capable of dark magic and malevolence.

  1. Exploring the themes of Imprisonment, Freedom and Authority in the Tempest.

    what she still does, and it shows a reverse in authority when she sneaks out to be with Ferdinand. Although she may think she has the upper hand Prospero is all too aware of his daughter's escapades behind his back, which shows his power on the island of knowing absolutely everything that is happening and where.

  2. Explore Shakespeare's presentation of Caliban in The Tempest. How far do you accept that ...

    Caliban is very angry at this stage, Stephano and Trinculo aren't concentrating on the job in hand, he's serious about getting Prospero killed but they aren't.

  1. Analysis of 'The Tempest'

    Stephano slaps him and sends him away. Ariel tells Prospero about Caliban's plan and sets up a trap to hang rich clothing on a line in Prospero's cave. When the three drunks see the clothing, Trinculo and Stephano try them on.

  2. How does Shakespeare's representation of Airel and Caliban contribute to the dramatic spectacle, action ...

    Ariel communicates through song. In a recent performance at the Sheffield crucible Ariel was fundamental in dictating the pace, change in mood and tension in the play, he did this through music. One way that Ariel changed the mood and built tension was when he appeared as a harpy.

  1. How effective is the ending of Shakespeare's play the tempest?

    Also, the ending allows the audience to fully see what has happened throughout the play with relation to the characters as Prospero reviews all those who have done wrong underlining the significance of the ending.

  2. Studying the character of Caliban in The Tempest

    Anger is one of Caliban?s strengths. ?Curst be I did so. All the charms of Sycorax, toads, beetles, bats, light on you,? Not just anger but regret is shown when he says ?Curst be I did that so,?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work