• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Tempest - Act IV Analysis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Tempest Act IV Analysis Written in 1611, Shakespeare's drama The Tempest, deals with issues of social order, as well as the 'natural order' of how society should function. Conflicts within the text indicate the need for order and a 'rightful' leader. These themes are reflections of the story, as Prospero the 'rightful leader' was usurped by his brother Antonio, after which, conflicts arise and the drama unfolds. Act four is an important scene in the play and it can be seen as a turning point in the play as well as functioning to produce meanings for the audience. The masque and the marriage act as a representation of a healthy social order, and thus prepare the audience for the mending of social order in the next scene. It also represents fifteenth century ideas of social order and social function of marriage. Finally, the characterization of characters such as Caliban and Prospero in this act shifts the views of the audience in order for the audience to agree with Caliban's defeat in the final act, and thus support a 'happy' and 'rightful' ending. ...read more.

Middle

To this, Iris responds that they are not. Which indicates that love and lust, being Venus and Cupid, are not present in the marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand. This is significant as Ceres explains that these Roman deities, Cupid and Venus, aided Pluto (Dis) in abducting her daughter, Proserpine. Thus lust and love in marriage was seen as indecent. The songs that Juno and Ceres sing during the masque are significant in representing marriage in the 'natural order of things', as Juno blesses the marriage with prosperity and wealth, as well as "honour", social propriety. Ceres wishes them harmony with the earth, as well as the fruitfulness of their lands, which can also be seen as fertility. This is reflective of fifteenth century values, where marriage is subtly glorified as in the 'natural order' given the concurrence on nature and marriage in Ceres' speech. Juno and Ceres also de-emphasize the role of love, personal feeling and sexuality in marriage; instead, choosing to focus on marriage's place in the social and natural orders which organizing society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Act four of the tempest is primarily a marriage, or betrothal scene featuring a masque to bless Miranda and Ferdinand. Within the speech of the three goddesses, Shakespeare is able to share ideas with the audience. Firstly, that marriage is a representation of a healthy social order, which prepares the audience for the rectification of order in the following act, where Prospero is once again Duke of Milan, and Caliban regains control of his island. The masque also represents fifteenth Century ideology of marriage and the natural order and social function, minus the love and feelings. Characterization of Prospero and Caliban function to eliminate the audience's contempt for prospero and sympathies for Caliban. These aspects of the audiences feelings are reversed, so that Prospero can be seen as the 'rightful' Duke of Milan, and thus the audience can relate to and support the 'happy' and 'right' ending, as their feelings have already been naturalized to the outcome. Overall, the act functions to prepare the reader for the end of the play, where the conflicts are resolved, and order is restored. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Tempest essays

  1. How does Shakespeare's representation of Airel and Caliban contribute to the dramatic spectacle, action ...

    Caliban seems to be the centre of ridicule. The comedy is mostly slapstick, which suggests that Caliban has limited intellect. However in keeping with Calibans deeper and more meaningful side is his speech, one of the most famous from the play. "Sounds and sweet airs that give delight and hurt me not // then when I wake I cry to dream again."

  2. How is the theme of magic presented in Act 1 Scene 2 of The ...

    And in Act 5 Scene 1, Prospero's thoughts and attitudes towards magic start to change and become negative as he has realised that he has used his magic for bad purposes and is beginning to regret it, so in

  1. The Tempest Written By William Shakespeare - How does the opening scene capture the ...

    Most of the characters in this play can not believe what they see. The supernatural powers which prospero draws upon the legacy of Sycorax make this island a confusing place. Ariel's song expresses the mysterious transformations which take place, as everything undergoes 'a sea-change, into something rich and strange'.

  2. Explore the dramatic impact of the tempest scene in Act 1, Scene 1 in ...

    They had built two boats from the one flagship. However just as The Tempest is full of power struggles a mutiny broke out with attempts to seize stores, spreading of malicious rumours and a bid to murder and govern the isle.

  1. William Shakespear's Tempest

    Prospero would tower over Ariel to prove his power. "Dost thou forget from what a torment I id free thee? If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak and peg thee in his knotty entrails till thou hast howled away twelve winters." He will tower over Ariel towards the end.

  2. 'The Tempest' is centrally concerned with the themes of control and power. How are ...

    A change in the 'chain of being' would have been expected to bring utter chaos. Throughout the play, Prospero uses his magical powers to try and re-establish order, by keeping main control of all the characters. However, Prospero also depends much on luck to actually help him.

  1. Analysis of 'The Tempest'

    Prospero then declares that Ariel is doing well and shall soon be free and his plans are coming to their conclusion. Prospero forgives everyone, even his brother. He gives Ariel one last order before being set free - to calm the seas for everyone's return to Italy.

  2. "The Tempest is full of magic and illusion. Consider the effect this would have ...

    To show this in the 17th century would have been very hard. Clues have to be taken from the script which suggests when Ariel was invisible to certain people. Another way of learning when he is visible to different people is to study the way in which he speaks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work