• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Tempest - Act IV Analysis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Tempest Act IV Analysis Written in 1611, Shakespeare's drama The Tempest, deals with issues of social order, as well as the 'natural order' of how society should function. Conflicts within the text indicate the need for order and a 'rightful' leader. These themes are reflections of the story, as Prospero the 'rightful leader' was usurped by his brother Antonio, after which, conflicts arise and the drama unfolds. Act four is an important scene in the play and it can be seen as a turning point in the play as well as functioning to produce meanings for the audience. The masque and the marriage act as a representation of a healthy social order, and thus prepare the audience for the mending of social order in the next scene. It also represents fifteenth century ideas of social order and social function of marriage. Finally, the characterization of characters such as Caliban and Prospero in this act shifts the views of the audience in order for the audience to agree with Caliban's defeat in the final act, and thus support a 'happy' and 'rightful' ending. ...read more.

Middle

To this, Iris responds that they are not. Which indicates that love and lust, being Venus and Cupid, are not present in the marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand. This is significant as Ceres explains that these Roman deities, Cupid and Venus, aided Pluto (Dis) in abducting her daughter, Proserpine. Thus lust and love in marriage was seen as indecent. The songs that Juno and Ceres sing during the masque are significant in representing marriage in the 'natural order of things', as Juno blesses the marriage with prosperity and wealth, as well as "honour", social propriety. Ceres wishes them harmony with the earth, as well as the fruitfulness of their lands, which can also be seen as fertility. This is reflective of fifteenth century values, where marriage is subtly glorified as in the 'natural order' given the concurrence on nature and marriage in Ceres' speech. Juno and Ceres also de-emphasize the role of love, personal feeling and sexuality in marriage; instead, choosing to focus on marriage's place in the social and natural orders which organizing society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Act four of the tempest is primarily a marriage, or betrothal scene featuring a masque to bless Miranda and Ferdinand. Within the speech of the three goddesses, Shakespeare is able to share ideas with the audience. Firstly, that marriage is a representation of a healthy social order, which prepares the audience for the rectification of order in the following act, where Prospero is once again Duke of Milan, and Caliban regains control of his island. The masque also represents fifteenth Century ideology of marriage and the natural order and social function, minus the love and feelings. Characterization of Prospero and Caliban function to eliminate the audience's contempt for prospero and sympathies for Caliban. These aspects of the audiences feelings are reversed, so that Prospero can be seen as the 'rightful' Duke of Milan, and thus the audience can relate to and support the 'happy' and 'right' ending, as their feelings have already been naturalized to the outcome. Overall, the act functions to prepare the reader for the end of the play, where the conflicts are resolved, and order is restored. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Tempest essays

  1. Explore the dramatic impact of the tempest scene in Act 1, Scene 1 in ...

    We realise that he is simply doing that which his adversaries did once to him. The fact that the storm was, in a sense an illusion makes us feel more awed by Prospero because the audience thinks that it is a 'real' disaster that is involved in the story.

  2. The Tempest Written By William Shakespeare - How does the opening scene capture the ...

    After the Globe burned down, Shakespeare moved to Blackfriar's Theatre, an indoor theatre which also enhanced his transition to the quieter plays of the Romances. Built of wood, these theatres comprised three tiers of seats in a circular shape, with a stage area on one side of the circle.

  1. Analysis of 'The Tempest'

    "Here cease more questions. Thou art inclined to sleep." - Prospero Prospero puts Miranda to sleep with his magic as the ship holding his enemies approaches the tempest. However Ferdinand and Caliban's power over Miranda are both different. Ferdinand's power over Miranda is very political in a sense of royalty but is also romantic.

  2. "The Tempest is full of magic and illusion. Consider the effect this would have ...

    Ariel at this time is invisible to Ferdinand. To make this clear to the audience, Ariel could be suspended by some wires above Ferdinand, so he cannot see the spirit. Alternatively, only Ariel's voice could be heard, so it is clear that the spirit cannot be seen.

  1. How effective is the ending of Shakespeare's play the tempest?

    The speech is situated after the unexpected gentle ending where Prospero forgives all those who have done wrong towards him. In the speech Prospero asks for forgiveness for his sins after his magical powers are gone and in the speech he says the audience can only forgive him for his

  2. Explore Shakespeare's presentation of Caliban in The Tempest. How far do you accept that ...

    to murder Prospero but they will despise him less as they know that he's lonely, desperate, stupid to trust others so easily, he's been brought up as a slave and he has got a sensitive side. In Act 4 Scene 1 Caliban, Stephano and Trinculo are near Prospero's home.

  1. How does Shakespeare's representation of Airel and Caliban contribute to the dramatic spectacle, action ...

    Ariel communicates through song. In a recent performance at the Sheffield crucible Ariel was fundamental in dictating the pace, change in mood and tension in the play, he did this through music. One way that Ariel changed the mood and built tension was when he appeared as a harpy.

  2. 'The Tempest' is centrally concerned with the themes of control and power. How are ...

    A change in the 'chain of being' would have been expected to bring utter chaos. The Elizabethan belief was based on 'world order', that everybody and everything had its place in the 'chain of being' from God at the top down to the peasants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work