• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Tempest - Act IV Analysis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Tempest Act IV Analysis Written in 1611, Shakespeare's drama The Tempest, deals with issues of social order, as well as the 'natural order' of how society should function. Conflicts within the text indicate the need for order and a 'rightful' leader. These themes are reflections of the story, as Prospero the 'rightful leader' was usurped by his brother Antonio, after which, conflicts arise and the drama unfolds. Act four is an important scene in the play and it can be seen as a turning point in the play as well as functioning to produce meanings for the audience. The masque and the marriage act as a representation of a healthy social order, and thus prepare the audience for the mending of social order in the next scene. It also represents fifteenth century ideas of social order and social function of marriage. Finally, the characterization of characters such as Caliban and Prospero in this act shifts the views of the audience in order for the audience to agree with Caliban's defeat in the final act, and thus support a 'happy' and 'rightful' ending. ...read more.

Middle

To this, Iris responds that they are not. Which indicates that love and lust, being Venus and Cupid, are not present in the marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand. This is significant as Ceres explains that these Roman deities, Cupid and Venus, aided Pluto (Dis) in abducting her daughter, Proserpine. Thus lust and love in marriage was seen as indecent. The songs that Juno and Ceres sing during the masque are significant in representing marriage in the 'natural order of things', as Juno blesses the marriage with prosperity and wealth, as well as "honour", social propriety. Ceres wishes them harmony with the earth, as well as the fruitfulness of their lands, which can also be seen as fertility. This is reflective of fifteenth century values, where marriage is subtly glorified as in the 'natural order' given the concurrence on nature and marriage in Ceres' speech. Juno and Ceres also de-emphasize the role of love, personal feeling and sexuality in marriage; instead, choosing to focus on marriage's place in the social and natural orders which organizing society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Act four of the tempest is primarily a marriage, or betrothal scene featuring a masque to bless Miranda and Ferdinand. Within the speech of the three goddesses, Shakespeare is able to share ideas with the audience. Firstly, that marriage is a representation of a healthy social order, which prepares the audience for the rectification of order in the following act, where Prospero is once again Duke of Milan, and Caliban regains control of his island. The masque also represents fifteenth Century ideology of marriage and the natural order and social function, minus the love and feelings. Characterization of Prospero and Caliban function to eliminate the audience's contempt for prospero and sympathies for Caliban. These aspects of the audiences feelings are reversed, so that Prospero can be seen as the 'rightful' Duke of Milan, and thus the audience can relate to and support the 'happy' and 'right' ending, as their feelings have already been naturalized to the outcome. Overall, the act functions to prepare the reader for the end of the play, where the conflicts are resolved, and order is restored. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Tempest essays

  1. How does Shakespeare's representation of Airel and Caliban contribute to the dramatic spectacle, action ...

    "Sounds and sweet airs" Also Ariel and Caliban never speak to each other during the play, this could be because they are part of the same person (or different aspects of it)

  2. 'The Tempest' is centrally concerned with the themes of control and power. How are ...

    This shows that although Prospero is seen as all powerful through his magical source, there is in fact a limit to it as he has partly gained it through great fortune. Prospero's control, in fact, has been sustained by his supernatural powers; symbolised by his magic garment, staff, and above all, his books "that I prize above my dukedom".

  1. William Shakespear's Tempest

    He would get right up close to Prospero, as if taunting him, and try to touch him as an annoyance. Prospero would proceed to push and hit Caliban away whilst Caliban laughed gleefully. "For this be sure, tonight thou shalt have cramps, side stitches that shall pen thy breath up.

  2. How is the theme of magic presented in Act 1 Scene 2 of The ...

    Also:-"Re-enter Ariel, with hat and rapier for Prospero". This shows that Prospero is getting ready to do some more magic as he is given his magical hat & rapier. Between the 2 Acts, Act 1 Scene 2 and Act 5 Scene 1, Prospero's thoughts and attitudes to magic change dramatically.

  1. The Tempest Written By William Shakespeare - How does the opening scene capture the ...

    rarer action is in virtue, than in vengeance', (Act 5 Scene I, lines 27-8). Revenge gives way to forgiveness and pardon. Magic was used a lot. Things are not what they seem in 'The Tempest'. The play begins with an illusion the shipwreck is an act of Prospero's magic.

  2. "The Tempest is full of magic and illusion. Consider the effect this would have ...

    They believed in witchcraft and spirits. The Tempest was all about these things, so the people just took it as a play which included, and may have been based on, real incidents. The inclusion of Caliban within the play gives an insight into 17th century travel.

  1. Explore the dramatic impact of the tempest scene in Act 1, Scene 1 in ...

    the storm and so the conclusion was reached that they were killed in the squall. About a year later news returned to England that "The Sea-Adventurer" had arrived in Virginia. While they were in Bermuda the travellers had lived on fresh water and food.

  2. Analysis of 'The Tempest'

    Stephano will then become the king of the island and Miranda to be his queen and Trinculo and Caliban as his deputies. "There thou mayst brain him, having first seized his books; or with a log batter his skull" - Caliban "I will kill this man.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work