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The Tempest - analysis of themes in a speech by Ariel.

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Introduction

´╗┐Ariel that you three From Milan did supplant good Prospero, Exposed unto the sea, which hath requit it, Him and his innocent child. For which foul deed The powers?delaying, not forgetting?have Incensed the seas and shores, yea, all the creatures, 5 Against your peace.?Thee of thy son, Alonso, They have bereft, and do pronounce by me Lingering perdition, worse than any death Can be at once, shall step by step attend You and your ways; whose wraths to guard you from? Which here, in this most desolate isle, else falls Upon your heads?is nothing but hearts' sorrow And a clear life ensuing. Register: The register that Shakespeare uses in this extract is of archaic English which uses a different sentence structure and different words. ...read more.

Middle

This gives a supernatural atmosphere to the island and suggests that fate - not Prospero - is what brought them to the island. The use of other stage directions include a clap of thunder when Ariel disappears, soft music and spirits that dance and depart with the banquet. These stage directions help attribute the happenings to fate, natural justice and order of the universe. Shakespeare uses a plethora of potent literary devices in Ariel?s dialogue to elicit fitting effects. ?The powers delaying, not forgetting, have incensed the seas and shores, yea all the creatures against your peace?. The personification of power suggests that some godly force brought them here as punishment. There is also irony in it since Antonio, Sebastian and Alonso sent Prospero away to sea in the hopes of his death. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows the theme of Prospero?s indubitable power. He uses dramatic techniques, sorcery, oration and spirits to carry out his schemes and although his intentions are good, questions of hypocrisy and totalitarianism are brought out. Prospero complains of his predicament and then uses Ariel to threaten the nobles of a life of torture. The use of Ariel brings another idea into question- is Prospero doing right in trapping Ariel on the island. While getting revenge for one incident, he is treating other beings unfairly, the very action he is currently dealing with. This paradox is one of the prominent notions in The Tempest that shows the hypocritical human side of Prospero that coexists with the godly, knowledgeable side. This paradox and irony of the Tempest is eventually resolved at the end, which compounds the theory that there is indeed a higher force of justice. ...read more.

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