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The theme of conflict in Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

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Introduction

THOMAS HARDY TESS OF THE D'URBERVILLES The greatest representative of the late Victorian literature, Thomas Hardy, was among the novelists who marked the transition to XXth century English and American fiction. He wrote many novels such as: "Far from the Madding Crowd", "Jude the Obscure", The Mayor of Casterbridge", etc. Tess of the D'Urbervilles" is regarded as Hardy's tragic masterpiece. It is the story of innocence, of Man and Nature, of history and its relation to the present, concentrated on the fate of a simple young girl. Summary of the novel: Tess Durbeyfield is the daughter of a poor farmer, whose life is troubled by a minister who once told him he was a descendant of the ancient noble and rich family of the D'Urberville. In order to acquire favorable relationshipps he sends his daughter as a maid to the house of a family who bears the surname D'Urberville with doubtful right to it. ...read more.

Middle

Hence, the tragic fight between man's aspirations and his possibilities. The fragment presenting Tess and Angel at Stonehenge is symbolic for the whole novel and for Hardy's philosophy. Tess is an elementary nature, with powerful instincts, capable of violent passions and infinite devotion. Throughout the novel she is presented as passive, obedient and submissive to the laws of nature, of society and of her own temperament. She shows a complete acceptance of whatever comes upon her, understanding destiny as a law of Universe. That is why she faces Destiny with dignity, resignation and grace. She knows that she had disrupted the equilibrium in Universe, the code of laws and she accepts her fate, feeling that order has been re-established. The scenery - Stonehenge As soon as they arrive in the presence of Stonehenge the realistic level sinks into insignificance. Their stepping into myth is announced by some classical symbol motifs: their state of ignorance is suggested by their "groping" around. ...read more.

Conclusion

The dialogue is reduced to the minimum, the emphasis lying on the description of the scenery. We notice metaphors, chromatic epithets, visual images, gradation - from night towards dawn, alongside with the gradation of the torments within Tess's heart from despair to resignation. In the end, Stonehenge is in full light, marking the heroine's serenity and peace of mind. The novel may be considered both a psychologic one (because it draws a few years in the evolution of the heroine) and a social novel at the same time (it is described the condition of peasantry as well as the contrast between the latter's life and aristocracy), and perhaps even a love story (the story of unhappy love tormented by the absurdities of life. Haunted by fatalism and determinism, Hardy is a tragic writer and illustrates his unique humanitarian attitude towards the dramatic struggle between man and evil. ?? ?? ?? ?? Bzzz by aucy ...read more.

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