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The threat of death presented in: Havisham, Hitcher, Laboratory, On my first Sonne

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Compare how death or the threat of death is presented in the poems you have studied. Havisham Hitcher Laboratory On my first Sonne Throughout the poems: "Havisham", "Hitcher", "Laboratory" and "On my first Sonne", death is presented in several different ways. In "Havisham", "Lab" and "Hitcher", the threat of death is primarily conveyed in a malicious, spiteful way- concerning jealousy or bitterness. However in "Sonne", death is viewed upon as possibly a gift from god, something as natural as fate or even punishment. Each poem of which use similarities or differences of language, structure or even theme. In "Havisham" it is clear how the speaker shows deep hatred for this person she once (possibly still) loved by the use of the oxymoron: "Beloved sweetheart bastard." There is a large contrast between the words sweetheart and bastard as sweetheart implies a deep strong affection for one whereas bastard conveys the idea of someone you may hate and despise. The combination of these words may imply that although she's hated the one she loved for all these years, she still feels some affection for him because she and only hated him as she could not have him. Alternatively, she may hate him because he still holds this bond that she can't break with him. ...read more.


My interpretation of it is that is puts emphasis on the S consonance creating the repeated screaming that an answer phone would give until you confront it (or the situation you are in if speaking metaphorically). There is also a reference to being "fired" on the answer machine message which most likely refers to his job. Soon after learning his state of mind, there is a mention of a "Vauxhall Astra". The name isn't important however the use of naming a specific car suggests that the speaker is conscious about his image. He then meets someone of a 'hippy' like way of thinking who he really envies; ironically when you compare the material things the hippy has opposed to which the speaker has and cares about, it may be unclear why the sense of jealousy appears. The hitcher character has only a "toothbrush" and the "good earth for a bed" which symbolizes the bare minimums for survival shown by the word "toothbrush"- no luxuries, just living life to its fullest where life may be referred to by "earth". The speaker on the other hand has a job, a home and nice cars to rent however he still seems to want what the hitcher has: a calm easy going state of mind. ...read more.


The alliteration used strengthened the effect however the verbs are what really possess the power. The word "brand" shows how strongly she wants to hurt him, she wants to "burn" and scar him with the horrifying memories of death. In "Havisham", it states her rejection when the "red balloon" bursted in her face. "Red" in general may imply embarrassment hence blushing however a "balloon bursting" suggests a greater shock and surprise. By combining these together, a strong imagery is created on her feelings at the time. These feelings likewise to "Lab" drives the speaker to want to use death as a weapon to hurt someone hence when she mentions that it's not "only the heart that b-b-b-breaks." This may be linked to necrophilia where her hate for men has grown so large that she wants to destroy what makes a man a man hence the emphasised word "b-b-b-break" (emphasised with the stutter of 'b'.) Ultimately, through strong use of mainly language and theme, the poets of the four poems show how death or the threat of death is presented to people especially the speakers of the poems in different ways. It may be positive some how or caused by something negative such as the woman in "Havisham" however, the strength of feelings possess enough power to stir actions of people involving death for instance in "Laboratory" who also uses death as a weapon to "brand" and "burn" those who betrayed her. ...read more.

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