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The Truth behind the Leader.

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The Truth behind the Leader As Machiavelli once wrote in a letter, "My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved." A prime model of application can be seen in William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies. In the story a group of British schoolboys become marooned on an uninhabited island due to a nuclear war. On the island the attempted democracy by the boys gradually begins to fail into anarchy, disarray and even death. In the novel Golding uses Jack, the often feared antagonist, as a symbol for cruel absolutism. To create this symbol, Golding uses instances of power hunger, images of savagery, and Jack's use of manipulation. In the novel, he is introduced as the prominent choir leader, Jack Merridew, but his prominent status soon turns to an obsession for power. After the plane crash which maroons the boys on the island, the boys are called together for the first time by the sound of the conch, a symbol for order, being blown. ...read more.


This ritual will eventually lead to the death of Simon, the elder of the group who found out what the Beast was and who is a symbol for natural goodness as opposed to the malevolent Jack. His ability to command the boys demonstrates that he has full power over them compared to earlier times when Ralph had a greater level of power. His increasing power begins to mold him into an egotistical figure and grants him the ability to be more demanding with the boys. When he paints the mask on his face this begins the time at which the boys and he lose all civility and become barbarians bent on bloodlust. As he becomes possessed by the power he begins to use it for the shedding of blood and securing his place on the island. The few throughout history that have done the same as to assume power and abuse it all have all came to the same point that Jack has come which is confined power and repression of opposition. Jack manipulates society's fears and concerns so that boys would believe his objectives were aimed at the boys' well being and them being saved. ...read more.


The boys were very wanting of this freedom because they were tired of being worked constantly by Ralph. Lastly, he provides some closure to the boys about the Beast on the island by telling doing ritual sorts of things that would supposedly keep the Beast from attacking them. This calms the boys down about the Beast. The boys are already caught up in the excitement of hunting. He ultimately gains the absolute power over the boys and Ralph that he had yearned for all throughout the novel with the help of his strategic manipulation of the boys. The boys, who were soon referred to as savages, have no realization of what truly is going as a whole because they all think so indirectly to Jack. Jack Merridew did everything possible so he could to take the influence of the boys away from Ralph. Prince Lorenzo di Medici of Florence replied to Machiavelli writing, "But you should know that this independence upon which I insist so strongly raises more than anything the authority of the master, and that it alone shows that he is governing them instead of being governed by them." ...read more.

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