• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Use of the Supernatural in the Three Stories: The Withered Arm, The Red Room and The Monkey's Paw

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Use of the Supernatural in the Three Stories: The Withered Arm, The Red Room and The Monkey's Paw These three short stories, 'The Withered Arm' by Thomas Hardy, 'The Red Room' by H.G. Wells and 'The Monkey's Paw' by W.W. Jacobs were all written during a period of time when the supernatural was becoming less believed, during the Industrial Revolution. The supernatural was a feared belief throughout the years leading up to the industrial revolution; during the industrial revolution there were many new scientific and technological discoveries which lead to people slowly abandoning their ancient beliefs of the supernatural. These stories including the supernatural were at the height of popularity before the Industrial Revolution. When these three particular short stories were written, many people no longer believed in typical supernatural elements, such as: ghosts, witches, ancient curses and demons, however because the Industrial Revolution had only just began and people do not change beliefs over night, many people still believed slightly in the supernatural. These stories were therefore appealing to the people of the time. The supernatural used in each of three stories is different. ...read more.

Middle

This shows the connection between gloominess and supernatural, the quote goes on to say: 'the wind howled dismally', this describes the wind as not only behaving in a human manner but also as 'howling', howling can be linked to werewolves which are supernatural animals often used in stories to portray the supernatural. Sound is another way in which the supernatural can be portrayed. An example of sound portraying the supernatural is in 'The Red Room': 'the door creaked on its hinges'; a creaking sound is often related to the supernatural because old things creak, it is similar to being disfigured. Tension is another important feature which is used to portray the supernatural in the three stories. An example of tension being used to create a feeling of the supernatural is in 'The Monkey's Paw', when Mr White is scrambling to find an object but it is panicking, 'He went down in the darkness, and felt his way to the parlour, and then to the mantelpiece. The talisman was in its place, and a horrible fear that the unspoken wish might bring his mutilated son...' ...read more.

Conclusion

Though each story has a very unique and different outcome, each features the idea of the supernatural; each has an element of horror. Each has a slightly uncertain ending. The ending in 'The Withered Arm' is a twist; the ending is unexpected, which is the similar in 'The Monkey's Paw. The ending in 'The Red Room', however is different; tidy and can be speculated. Though these endings are not the same, they are all sad or uncertain which is the same throughout all gothic fiction novels. This also adds an element of the supernatural because they end shockingly, yet pessimistic. Another way in which the stories and similar is that they all fit into the gothic fiction category, each has morals. The morals in 'The Withered Arm' is marriage, vanity and love, in 'The Red Room', Distortion and imagination and superstition versus reality and logic. The moral in 'The Monkey's Paw' is greed, the family used a magical object to get what they wanted, but though they did get what they wanted, there were bad consequences. There is never a happy ending in a story about the supernatural. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kira O'Sullivan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. With Close references to the texts you have been studying, explore how the authors ...

    the story as 'building was of grey, lichen-blotched stone, with a high central portion and two curved wings, like claws of a crab, thrown out on each side'. A manor in ruins was a very typical setting for gothic stories as it helped tell the background of the character that lived inside and the history behind each imperfection.

  2. Using the story "Monkey's Paw" by W.W. Jacobs I shall explain how the author ...

    the same as when he died, and he died in machinery so he must look torn and cut and this is a week after Herbert's death, so Hebert has already started to decomposed. This is why he is does want Herbert in the house, "But her husband was on his

  1. How are tension and a sense of mystery created in "The Red Room" and ...

    In both the stories the writers use dialog to create suspense. In "The Monkeys Paw" the writer uses a fast quick pace in the conversations between the characters by changing the sentence structure. 'Better let it burn.' The description of the parlour builds a sense of fear and suspicion as

  2. Monkeys paw

    The writer firstly takes the audience on a roller coaster of different atmospheres and moods, perhaps to keep you guessing, this is very effective as it makes the reader slightly unsure about what is going to happen next in the story and adds to the drama of the situation.

  1. Explore the ways in which Thomas Hardy uses setting to help portray Tess feelings.

    This highlights that Tess feels that the baby should not be punished and die for the fact that it is illegitimate and that God should punish her instead for her sin. Hardy has incorporated his own feelings in this. This belief of his may have impact on the audience as

  2. The Monkey's Paw and Red Room Comparison

    Incidentally Laburnum means poison, which gives the sense that evil, was always in the house and so the trio were doomed from the start, but the monkeys paw was merely acting as a catalyst. Furthermore, this sense of an invader from outside disrupting the serenity of the internal environment is

  1. Gothic Stories

    The Red Room is set in an old castle; it has words in the story which describe it as old by quotes like 'there is a candle on the slab outside the door'. Which shows it doesn't have electricity and candles are used.

  2. In Dubliners the stories are linked by the theme of Paralysis.

    He talks to them about his childhood, books and then "sweethearts." The boys find the man weird in appearance and personality and Mahony describes him as "a queer old tosser." He has yellow teeth, a gaped smile, and monotonously repeats what he says.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work