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The World Is One Big Animal Farm

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Introduction

Peter Kim English 3 Mrs. Della Fera December 20, 2002 The World Is One Big Animal Farm George Orwell, also known as Eric Blair, is best known for his profound beliefs in the field of political science. Common political vocabulary words today have their roots from Orwell's works, including Animal Farm and 1984. While 1984 presents a more sadistic view of totalitarianism, Animal Farm portrays the same basic principle but in simple language so even young political philosophers are able understand it. Furthermore, it is written in such a way that it seems as if the reader is sitting in the background. He has no idea what any animal is thinking but it is surprising that the actions of the oppressor's actions are easily and shockingly predictable. The novel also provides a brief history of the rise and fall of Pre-Cold War Soviet Russia. So, in effect, the novel can be served for two purposes. George Orwell's Animal Farm was written as a symbolic summarization of the Russian Revolution but can also function as evidence that the inevitable failure of all forms of government should not be seen in terms of the different ideology between them at all, but as Lord Acton stated in the late 19th century, "power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely" (Greenblatt 4). It is hardly disputed by critics that Animal Farm is indeed an allegory of the Russian Revolution. ...read more.

Middle

He had flogged an old horse to death, he starved his cows, he had killed a dog by throwing it into the furnace" (Orwell 102). Undeniably, these referred to Adolf Hitler's dictatorship in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust (Fitzpatrick 3). Old Major's na�ve, but theoretically perfect government, is initially a huge success but is destined to fail in the end. The animal's first harvest without the aid of Farmer Jones' authority is much more productive than ever. They "finished the harvest in two days' less time ... and not an animal on the farm had stolen so much as a mouthful (Orwell 46). Since The Rebellion marked a transition from capitalism to communism, the "quarrelling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared (Orwell 47). As time went on, though, it proves corruption is inevitable. The beginnings of misinterpretation of "Old Major's ideal that the rebellion is to be accomplished through honesty, innocence, and passive determination" are clear even from the start. Napoleon and even Snowball rise to power prematurely by using death and destruction, the very system Jones used on them (Novel 2). Sadly, the "remainder of Animal Farm is a chronicle of the consolidation of Napoleon's power through clever politics, propaganda, and terror" (Greenblatt 4). From this moment on, it is clear that from the initial creation of Animal Farm, "Napoleon never shows interest in the strength of Animal Farm itself; only in the strength of his power over it" (Phillips 3). ...read more.

Conclusion

In the final sentence of the novel, Orwell states that "the creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which" (Orwell 139). Instead of gaining freedom, they have only exchanged one set of masters for another, proving the serious theme of Nostromo: that once in power, the revolutionary becomes as tyrannical as his oppressor" (Meyers 353). Greenblatt contends that the horror of Animal Farm is "precisely the cold, orderly, predictable process by which decency, happiness; and hope are systematically and ruthless crushed" (Greenblatt 5). It is amusing that reviews made by Western critics astutely observe the attacks aimed at Russia but fail completely to grasp Orwell's judgment of the West. In the last sentence, "Orwell does not claim that Napoleon or Stalin is worse than Farmer Jones or capitalists but that there is an ultimate identity between the two" (Fitzpatrick 4). Orwell is trying to teach the reader that Communism is no more or less evil than Fascism or Capitalism - they are all illusions which "are inevitably used by the pigs as a means of satisfying their greed and their lust for power" (Greenblatt 4). One might wonder, after reading Animal Farm, if whether the current governments are corrupted. It may not seem so since the Cold War was "won". Without a doubt, there are many corrupted officials in the numerous governments set up globally. Greenblatt concludes, "There have been, are, and always will be pigs in every society and they will always grab power" (Greenblatt 5). ...read more.

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