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The Wright Brothers

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE WRIGHT BROTHERS BY DANIEL MITCHELL HISTORY PROJECT CONTENTS PAGE Introduction pg2 Their Child Hood pg3 Career Choices pg4 Planes pg5 How the Wright Brothers Changed History pg8 The Wright Brothers National Memorial pg9 Family Tree pg10 Important Dates pg10 Bibliography pg11 INTRODUCTION Wright, Orville and Wilbur, name of two American brothers who worked closely together in the early development of aeronautics. They were two of the four sons and one daughter of Milton and Susan Wright. Orville was the oldest of the two "Wright brothers" and Wilbur was the youngest of the "Wright Brothers". They also had other sisters, Reuchlin was the oldest, Lorin the second oldest, Orville the third oldest, Wilbur the fourth oldest and youngest sister Katharine. Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) was born in Millville, Indiana, on April 16, 1867. Orville Wright was born on, August 19, 1821 in Dayton, Ohio. The Wrights are best known for invented and flying the first practical airplane. In this project you will be able to find out about the Wright Bothers and their plane THEIR CHILD HOOD Wilbur and Orville Wright were the sons of Milton and Susan Wright. They had a good family life and were always encouraged to learn new things. Orville wrote of his childhood: "We were lucky enough to grow up in an environment where there was always much encouragement to children to pursue intellectual interests; to investigate whatever aroused curiosity". As boys, he and his younger brother Orville made simple mechanical toys, Milton was a bishop and was often away from home on church business. ...read more.

Middle

By the end 1904 they could keep the machine up for five minutes and fly complete circles. The brothers made more than two hundred flights in 1904 and 1905, and a patent was granted for the plane on May 22, 1906, but it was not until 1908 that they began to receive credit and attention for their invention. In that year Wilbur, flying in France, carried passengers on numerous flights and established distance and altitude records. However they also set other records that were not so good. In September 17, 1908 Orville, was flying at Fort Myer, was having equal success in the official Army trials, until the failure of a propeller caused the accident that proved fatal to his passenger Lieut. Thomas E. Selfridge, and also Orville broke his left leg and four ribs. However he soon recovered and joined Wilbur in France. So how did they become so successful in trying to achieve flight? The key to the Wright Brother's success was that their engineering had gone beyond the trial and error methods of their ravails. Having only very limited resources they showed great scientific sense. When their test flights did not produce as much lift as they had expected, they went back to first principles and carried out a series of scientific experiments, starting with the bicycle balance and moving on to their famous wind tunnel experiments. They were the first to understand how the lift from the aerofoil changes in flight, and the first to design their propellers as a form of aerofoil. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Wright Monument bears this inscription: IN COMMEMORATION OF THE CONQUEST OF THE AIR BY THE BROTHERS WILBUR AND ORVILLE WRIGHT. CONCEIVED BY GENIUS, AND ACHIEVED BY DAUNTLESS RESOLUTION AND UNCONQUERABLE FAITH. FAMILY TREE Samuel Wright (b. 1613, d. 1665) _ Margaret (d. 1681) James Wright (b 1639 d. 1725) _ Abigail Janes (m. 1665) Samuel Wright (b. 1674 d. 1734) _ Rebecca Sykes (m. 1704) Benoni Wright (b. 1761) _ Eliza Smith (m. 1742) Dan Wright (b. 1757 d. 1832) _ Sarah Freeman (m. 1785) Dan Wright (b. 1790 d. 1861) _Catherine Reeder (b. 1800 d. 1866 m. 1818) Milton Wright _ Susan IMPORTANT DATES 1867 April 16: Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) was born in Millville, Indiana 1871 August 19: Orville Wright (1871-1948) was born in Dayton, Ohio. 1889 Summer time: Susan Wright dies of tuberculosis's. 1892 Wilbur and Orville set up their Wright Cycle Company in Dayton, Ohio. 1900 The Wrights' first glider trials are held at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. 1903 December 17: At Kill Devil Hills south of Kitty Hawk, Wilbur and Orville Wright make the worlds first powered, manned, self-launching controlled and sustained flight in a heavier than air machine. 1908 September 17: Orville is hurt in a demonstration to the army. His passenger, Thomas Selfridge, is killed: the first fatality in aeroplane flying. 1909 November: In the United States, the Wright Company is set up to make aeroplanes and is immediately successful. 1912 May 30: Wilbur Wright dies of typhoid. 1948 January 30: Orville Wright dies. BIBLIOGRAPY Books The Wright Brothers Russell Ash The Wright Brothers and the Aeroplane Anna Sproile Internet http://www.libraries.wright.edu/staff/dunbar/arch/ms1.htm http://www.wrightexperience.com/ http://www.firstflightcentennial.org/ http://aeroweb.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/wright/first.html http://home.dayton.lib.oh.us/archives/wbcollection/WBExhibit.html http://www.inventingflight.com/wright.htm http://w3.one.net/~hughesj/wright/wright.html Encyclopaedias Encarta 2001 ...read more.

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