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Theme that is present within Macbeth and explain how this theme is crucial to the play as a whole.

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The poem "Dover Beach" written by Matthew Arnold is about a human misery. Nature especially the sea is used in order to draw a comparison between the fights of nature and the human misery. The poem consists of four stanzas which have a different amount of lines. The first stanza consists of 14 lines, the second of six, the third of eight and the last line of nine lines. The rhyme scheme is very irregular. For example, in the first eight lines of the poem it is a-b-a-c-d-b-d-c. The first stanza can be divided into two parts. In the first part (line one to line six) the lyrical I describes the motions of the sea in a very positive way. The words "to-night" (l. 1), "moon" (l.2) and "night-air" (l.6) show that it is night. To create a very harmonious mood the poet utilizes adjectives such as "fair", "tranquil" and "calm". Matthew Arnold uses an anaphora ("Gleams" and "Glimmering" l.4/5), to underline the harmonious atmosphere of the first six lines. The word "only" in line seven can be seen as a caesura. ...read more.


The first three lines of the stanza create a feeling of hope, whereas the last lines sound sad and hopeless. The word "only" show that the lyrical I feels only the sadness of the world. To amplify the negative mood of the last lines Arnold utilizes words such as "melancholy", "drear" and "naked". The last stanza refers to the misery of humanity and can be seen as a conclusion of the preceding stanzas. The lyrical I compares the world to a "land of dreams" which is "various" "beautiful" and "new". This means that the world and the people who live on it might be happy and live together in peace. To underline the positive mood, the lyrical I uses the word "love" at the beginning of the stanza. The verb "seems" shows that it is only a dream or an illusion of the lyrical I which can never become reality. Line 33 is a caesura, wherefrom the lyrical I describes his real life. The enumeration in line 33 and 34 ""nor love, nor light, nor peace"" shows the cruelness of the world. ...read more.


Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light, Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain; And we are here as on a darkling plain Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight, Where ignorant armies clash by night. I honestly believe that Arnold is talking about how the question of faith has left the world in darkness. In the beginning of the poem, he expresses how calm averything seems, and it's like any other night. However, as the poem progresses, he mentions how Sophocles heard the sadness in the Aegean sea, just as he was hearing the sadness in his own sea. In mentioning the Sea of Faith, he reveals that while it looks calm and normal on the surface, really, the sea is singing a song of sadness and despair. during this time, people began questioning religion and turning to Darwinism. Arnold is expressing how people used to not think twice about what they believed, but now the world was unsure. In telling his love to stay true to him, he is hoping that at least one thing in the world will remain the same and true. To him, the world was left in darkness by the threat against faith ...read more.

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