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There was a great deal of industrial development and change throughout the nineteenth century

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Introduction

Sam Shipley, 10k5 Social and historical essay 17/01/05 There was a great deal of industrial development and change throughout the nineteenth century. It was a very wealthy era with many rich people and England was a prosperous country. For the poor people in England, the nineteenth century was a terrible time. If you were redundant you would probably starve to death. The novel "A Christmas carol" by Charles Dickens shows what life was truly like for the normal, poor people. In this essay I'm going to find out if Dickens' novel, "A Christmas carol" supports the view of former Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli, that Britain was "Two nations... The rich and the poor." Work during the Victorian era was a tough and torrid affair. Long hours were commonplace for most Victorian people, and not a lot was paid for their services. In the story "A Christmas carol", the Cratchits are made to work on Christmas Eve and a day. 'Whatever has got your precious father then? And your brother, Tiny Tim! ...read more.

Middle

Due to how poor they are the Cratchits can only afford a meager Christmas dinner. This quote describes the scene best. 'Such a bustle ensued that you might have thought a goose the rarest of all birds; a feathered phenomenon, to which a black swan was a matter of course; and in truth it was something very like it in that house.' This quote tells you a lot about the food in the Victorian era for poor people. A goose would be a necessity for the rich but would be a 'Phenomenon' to the poor. This really highlights the difference between the rich and poor society. As you can imagine there was a few differences between the clothing of the rich people and the clothing of the poor. Bob Cratchit's wife is an example of how the poor people dressed. 'Dressed out but poorly in a twice turned gown.' Is how her clothing's described and would probably be a fair representation of all of the Cratchit family members. Scrooge, on the other hand, is described as wearing luxurious clothing that you'd expect a rich person to be wearing. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows you the extent of Tiny Tim's illness. Possibly his housing conditions don't help him. The main quote that tells you the size of the Cratchit's house is 'And yet the Ghost of Christmas Present blessed his 4-roomed house!' With the size of the Cratchit family, they would've struggled to live in four rooms. Education doesn't play a major part in this Dickens' novel. There is a slight mention that Scrooge went to a boarding school but maybe the lack of education is a factor. It doesn't seem like the Cratchit children actually go to school so the lack of education comes due to a lack of wealth. Only the rich were able to receive an education that will enable them to get a good job when they're older. Having looked at many quotes, I think that the novel "A Christmas carol" supports the saying by Benjamin Disraeli. The rich and poor people were nations apart in the nineteenth century. They had the nice houses and the education and the poor people had poor clothing and meager food. I enjoyed reading "A Christmas carol" although it didn't always follow the rule of no conjunctives after full stops, which made it difficult to read at times. ...read more.

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