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Thomas Hardy sometimes uses the landscape to reflect mood of his characters. Choose two brief extracts (about two pages each) where he does this; one when Tess is happy and another when she is not. How does Hardy reflect Tess's mood through landscape in t

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Introduction

1) Thomas Hardy sometimes uses the landscape to reflect mood of his characters. Choose two brief extracts (about two pages each) where he does this; one when Tess is happy and another when she is not. How does Hardy reflect Tess's mood through landscape in these extracts? How does Lawrence use setting and place in 'Tickets Please'? How do these two writers manage to convey a sense of the time at which these stories are written? The first extract I have chosen to analyse in Tess of the D'Urbervilles when Tess is happy is In the Rally XVI on page 132-134. This melts in to the happy mood of Tess as she has set out from home for the second time to the Talbothays dairy, where she meets Angel. In employing the Nature motif into Hardy's work, he has been able to use it to describe the character feelings. The second extract in which nature echo's Tess's not so happy mood is 'The Maiden No More' XVI, pages 109-110. Hardy has used the language in the Rally XVI extract to show what state of mind Tess is in. Firstly he uses adverbs that help to set the mood, and give the landscape a more vivid description. Examples of some of the adverbs Hardy uses are, 'luxuriantly', 'intensely', 'wonderfully', 'profusely', 'continually'. These words are all associated with happiness and cheeriness and do not give the text a sense of gloom, and are generally enthusiastic words. Tess also describes the landscape as being, 'more cheering' in the Rally, and this definitely imitates her happier mood. However, in 'The Maiden No more' Hardy has not used many adverbs to describe the landscape to give it a sense of gloom. Instead Hardy has used many more adjectives and other grammatical tools. Examples of adjectives Hardy has used are, 'denser', 'vigour', 'goldern-haired', 'beaming', 'ruddy', 'curious', 'narrow', rickety' and 'hazy'. ...read more.

Middle

Hardy also uses anthropomorphism quite subtly when he says in the 'Maiden No More', " the arms of the mechanical reaper revolving slowly... the last few yards of upright wheat fell also under the teeth of the unerring reaper." Here Hardy describes the reaper as having arms and teeth, consequently being given human characteristics, or anthropomorphic. The journey returns to its gloom when Lawrence says, "Reckless swoops downhill...again the breathless slithering around the precipitators drop under the church." By using words like 'slithering' and 'reckless' the scary scene is re-set. In comparison to Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Thomas Hardy has also used personification in the 'Maiden No More-XIV' but not in the 'Rally', like Lawrence to describe the settings. Hardy says, "The sun, had a curious sentient, personal look, demanding the masculine pronoun for its adequate expression. His present aspect coupled with the lack of all human forms in the scene..." Here Hardy refers to the sun as a person, by saying 'his' and 'had a personal look', when really we know that the sun does not have a look and does not have human mannerisms. Hardy then goes on to say: "The luminary was a goldern-haired, beaming, mild-eyed, God-like creature, gazing down in the vigour and intentness of youth apon an earth that was brimming with interest for him." Here Hardy clearly describes the sun as having human characteristics and appearance, such as being, 'goldern-haired' and mild-eyed'. Philosophically, Hardy has referred to the gods and the heavenly bodies more than once in this quote, and this is probably to show how Tess feels about the situation of her alone with her child, and the mishaps she has recently faced. It is honourable that people turn to a higher force than beings, like God, for help and guidance through turbulent periods of their lives and this has been illustrated by personifying the sun to be a 'god-like creature' and 'luminary'. ...read more.

Conclusion

The word 'machine' and 'mechanical' have come up twice here, indicating that changes were being made to the agriculture with the usage of non-manual forms of harvesting. Both Hardy and Lawrence have different styles of writing, but this is because they were written in during different period of time. This can be identified in 'Tickets Please' when Lawrence uses listing, as a way of describing the depot room. The last place described in Tickets Please is when we reach the climax of the story and the girls beat up John Thomas. The waiting room is described as being 'very cosy and warm' and 'away from the darkness and lawlessness of wartime.' These phrases make this part of the story sound exciting and are a build-up to the fight. Lawrence says: "It was quite rough, but cosy, with a fire and an oven and a mirror, and a table and wooden chairs." The room is not described in a lot of detail here, but is in a simple listed order, making it not very striking, compared to the former journey, at the beginning of the story, using many adjective, adverbs, intriguing verbs and similes. Both writers have used the settings to set their characters moods. Hardy has distinctly done this making it quite obvious for a reader to pick out grammatical and philosophical elements. Lawrence has used the setting to determine what will happen to the characters and what sort of climax or twist that he wants to build into the story. This is evident in the beginning of Tickets Please when a gloomy atmosphere is set, making one of the protagonist's Annie, feeling dull and not aroused. Then Lawrence uses the exciting funfair to set the mood of love and passion, and then finally the climax of the fight, fortified by description of the room. In conclusion both writers have similar ways of expressing the scenery through usage of grammatical tools, but different ways of displaying this, and have variations in their style of writing and the intensity of the language. Harmeet Gill 10EC 6/07/02 ...read more.

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