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Throughout the play 'Romeo and Juliet', Shakespeare presents and contrasts love and hate in a number of different ways.

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Introduction

Throughout the play 'Romeo and Juliet', Shakespeare presents and contrasts love and hate in a number of different ways. This begins in the Prologue with the two themes being strongly enthesised. We are told of the basic storyline between the lovers without being told any details, this was to attract the attention of Shakespeare's audiences and also to keep the interest of al the social classes by telling them that some of the scenes will appeal to their interests. The Prologue is written in the form of a sonnet and also uses iambic pentameter, these structures imply the theme of love as traditionally sonnets are about love - this Prologue was influenced by the Italian poet Petrarch (who was popular within the Elizabethan courts). However the love is also juxtaposed against hate and with oxymoron's such as 'death marked love', and 'star-crossed lovers', the two themes are fused together. The juxtaposing themes of the Prologue are continued in Act 1 scene 1. At the beginning of Act 1 scene 1 the only kind of love mentioned is of a physical and sexual kind and there is no romance. ...read more.

Middle

Although the love in this part of the play is presented in a negative way the language in the techniques used (such as the personification, the use of metaphors and similes and oxymoron's, 'heavy lightness serious vanity'.), make it very real and the juxtapositions relate it to the rest of the play. Act 1 scene 5 is a very pivotal point in the play as without it the ending would be entirely different, the consequences from this scene are what make the play. It's in this scene that Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time, there is irony in it as neither of them went to the party in a positive mood least of all in a mood for love and yet that's what they both found, love. Throughout this scene there are lots of varying moods starting with the carnival atmosphere in the party. Everything is very chaotic and all the characters are just doing what they want to do. Then Romeo sees Juliet for the first time and he is completely lovestruck. Whilst Romeo is in awe of towards Juliet he is unaware that Tybalt has seen him and that there is so much hate at the same time, the audience sees this and the power of the two themes is enhanced. ...read more.

Conclusion

As soon as they meet the language becomes very romantic and there is no prose mentioned at all. Between them they form a sonnet, within this religious imagery is used. Shakespeare uses these to show the intensity and the purity of their love. It is noticeable that within the sonnet the lines are split evenly showing that they are equals. However Romeo has a very rose-tinted view of her and because of this he puts her on a pedestal and almost worships her (also implied by the religious imagery). Not content with having completed one sonnet between them Romeo and Juliet start another and are then disrupted by the nurse. This can show that when they become a couple things won't run smoothly and there will be problems for them. The way in which Shakespeare presents love and hate suggests that although love is more powerful than hate, in the end hate is more dangerous and has the biggest overall impact. He does this by intertwining the two themes and focusing on them in relation to each other creating enthesis on all the differences between them. By Haleema Butt 11s How does Shakespeare present Love and Hate in Act 1 scene 1 and Act 1 scene 5? ...read more.

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