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To Autumn

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To Autumn In this poem, Keats, as the title suggests, describes and evokes the season Autumn. The poem is made up of three stanzas and demonstrates the movement in time from late summer to early winter. Each stanza deals with a different aspect of autumn, introducing a range of ideas, showing the authors interpretation of the season. The poem appears almost 'perfect' within its limits and effectively recreates the experiences and images of the season autumn, as found typically in England. The reader can relate to the poem as the images created are often linked to everyday experiences. The style of the poem is extremely subtle and overall 'gentle', suggesting the slow peaceful movement through the season. The idea behind the first stanza is the 'maturing summer', as shown by Keats telling us the sun is 'maturing.' This is the first reference to time moving on as the idea of the sun growing and ageing with the season is introduced. The poem begins by telling us autumn is a 'season of mists and mellow fruitfulness.' This tells us the stage in the day is early morning, as suggested by the 'mists.' The alliteration on the 'm' hints at the soft, gentle nature of the season. The reference to autumn's 'fruitfulness' suggests the generosity of the season, emphasising the atmosphere of total unalloyed peacefulness. Keats's use of the metaphor 'close bosom friend' tells us of the harmony of autumn. ...read more.


The idea behind the second stanza is the collecting and harvesting of the fruits depicted previously. For example there is a reaper asleep, 'half reap'd furrow.' This again reinforces the idea of a complete peacefulness as the reaper is asleep, therefore perceived to be completely untroubled. Keats uses personification to portray the season to have human nature about it. This is shown by phrases such as, 'Thee sitting careless on a granary floor' and 'thy hair soft lifted by the winnowing wind.' The fact the figure is 'sitting careless' tells us the season offers no threats and all can relax. In this stanza of the poem all worries seem to have disappeared and there is a feeling of complete contentment. The compound words such as 'soft lifted' and 'half reap'd,' show the serenity of autumn as they suggest a certain softness created by the placid nature of the text. Keats tells us there is a 'winnowing wind.' The alliteration of the 'w' suggests the sound of the wind, yet the breeze is gentle and kind, like the season, and all things are treated with care. For example the hair is 'soft lifted', telling us that everything is treated with delicacy and nothing and nobody will be harmed. Keats's use of the poppy in the poem seems to be associated with opion, suggesting the 'half reap'd furrow' to be in a more profound state of sleep, emphasising the mellow and peaceful atmosphere. ...read more.


This harsh adjective shows the comparison of the previously beautiful flowers with the now empty fields. The reference to the 'plains' suggests a vast deserted area, echoing the underlying feeling of emptiness and resolution the stanza is creating. Nothing throughout is vigorous, the wind is always 'light', indicating that although the season is ending the sense of kindness and generosity, although not as prominent is still consistent. Caste's poem ends depicting the symbols of winter. The emigrating birds, previously associated with the summer and 'the songs of spring', are now leaving and moving on, as is the season of autumn. The season is slowly drawing to a close and a sense of ending and finality is created in the absence of the familiar comforts of autumn. The style in which 'To Autumn' is written is extremely subtle yet creates a highly effective evocation of the season. The poem is almost romantic in its slow movement through time as Keats creates a sensitive account of emotions and experiences. All three stanzas posses a defined musical quality, created by the rhythm of the verses and use of the text. Although prominent, this rhythm never becomes intrusive, allowing the poem to become almost surreal. The intensity of the poem creates an almost magical atmosphere, as the tranquillity and peacefulness of the season becomes almost daunting. The theme of the poem is extremely simple and this simplicity is maintained throughout. Overall, I feel Keats's poem is a highly successful is creating and expressing the true meanings and ideas behind the season of Autumn. ...read more.

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