• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28

To kill a mocking bird - Chapter 14 Summary onwards.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chapter 14 Summary Scout asks her father what rape is. He tells her it is "carnal knowledge of a female by force and without consent." There is a family scene when Aunt Alexandra finds out that Scout and Jem went to the black church with Calpurnia. Aunt Alexandra tries to forbid Scout from going to visit Calpurnia in the future, and tries to make Atticus fire Calpurnia. Atticus refuses on the grounds that she's done an excellent job of running the house and raising the children, and the children love her. Jem takes Scout aside and tries to tell her not to antagonize their aunt. He and Scout get into a fistfight, which Atticus breaks up, saying that Scout doesn't have to obey Jem unless he can make her do so. That night Scout and Jem discover Dill hiding under Scout's bed. He tells a long story about being locked and chained in a basement and escaping with a traveling animal show, then the real story about stealing money from his mother's purse, and walking and hitching his way from the train station to the Finches' house. Scout gets him some cornbread to eat and notes mentally that he is now "home." Jem says that Dill should let his mother know where he is. Jem�s next action causes Scout to remark that he "broke the remaining code of our childhood" by calling for Atticus. Atticus is lenient, however, and calls Miss Rachel to ask if Dill can stay the night while Scout gets him more food. Miss Rachel appears on the scene and reprimands Dill but allows him to stay. Dill and Jem sleep in Jem's room, which adjoins Scout's room. Late at night, Dill wakes Scout up and asks if he can sleep with her. He explains that his new father and his mother don't seem interested in him - they are kind to him but they don't need him around, they'd rather spend time alone together. ...read more.

Middle

The courtroom is packed but everyone is silent and still, and Scout feels the sensation of chilliness in the room. Finally the jury returns and Judge Taylor polls the jury. Every jury member declares Tom guilty. Atticus whispers something to Tom, then exits the courtroom. All the black people in the balcony rise to their feet to honor him. Analysis Jem was sure that the trial would go in Tom's favor after the evidence came out about his left arm. The pronouncement of guilt therefore comes as a complete surprise to his na�ve mind, and he feels each jury-member's "guilty" verdict like a physical feeling of pain. He is in fact psychologically wounded by the results of the trial, feeling that his previously good opinion of the people of Maycomb (and people in general) has been seriously marred. His trust in the rationality of the people has been beset by the knowledge that people can act in irrationally evil ways. He will find himself struggling to conceive of how otherwise good people can behave in such ugly ways for the rest of the book and beyond. Despite the unfavorable verdict, the tribute which the black community pays to Atticus shows that he has achieved, through the way he handled the trial, a worthwhile lesson for the townspeople by exposing the unfairness of their collective opinions. Just as he fathers Jem and Scout in good moral virtues, he seems to be trying to teach the town a lesson and infuse them with more virtuous ideas. Chapter 22 Summary Jem is crying and angry - he thought that the case was clearly in Tom's favor. Atticus is exhausted and when Jem asks him how the jury could have done it he responds, "I don't know, but they did it. They've done it before and they did it tonight and they'll do it again and when they do it - seems like only children weep." ...read more.

Conclusion

Boo doesn't say a word, just nods when she asks if he'd like to do so. Scout shows Boo how to gently stroke Jem's hair. Then she perceives that he wants to leave, and she leads him to the porch, where he asks her in a near-whisper, "Will you take me home?" She leads him home and he goes inside his house and shuts the door. The narrator, speaking as an older Scout, says she never saw him again. Scout imagines the years that went by and how Boo watched over "his" children. Back home, Scout sits with Atticus, who begins to read her one of the scary children's stories he has picked up to read. Scout says she wasn't scared by the events tonight, saying that "nothing's really scary �cept in books." She is talking about a book character who was chased and caught and then found to be innocent and "real nice." Atticus says that "most people are, when you finally see them." Analysis Scout finally acts the part of the hospitable Southern lady in assisting Boo around the house and seeing him home; she interacts with him in a serious and grown-up fashion. Though she runs to tell Jem when she first discovers Boo is in their house, she reacts against this childish reflex and gives Boo his privacy very tactfully. She has learned how to be a guide for others, as shown by her symbolic act of leading Boo to safety. She can visualize things from his perspective now, as Atticus once advised her to do, and she observes the years go by from his perspective, seeing herself and Jem and Dill through new eyes; also neatly summarizing the events of the book. Scout shows that even though she has discovered that people can be evil in unfathomable ways, she still upholds her faith in humankind and can face anything with courage. Unlike Dill, she finds that the real world does follow patterns, and once one knows them, the world of fantasy and books is the only place where real fear can exist. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Harper Lee section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Harper Lee essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To Kill a Mocking Bird. In this essay, I will explore the ways in ...

    5 star(s)

    This is established in the form of a dialogue when Atticus puts forward his query about whether Ewell was "concerned with Mayella's condition" after the alleged rape. Bob Ewell replies by stating that he "most positively was" concerned with his daughter in an aggressive manner showing the reader that he

  2. How Does Harper Lee Present the Characters of Scout, Dill and Jem to show ...

    Although she has matured, she is still curious and this is indicated by her inquisitive approach to the Hitler case. We see the society through her eyes and realise the hypocritical county of Maycomb. The character of Dill is presented as more of an 'outsider' in the novel.

  1. To Kill a Mocking Bird. Atticus teaches Jem and Scout many important lessons ...

    She was the bravest person I ever knew (112)". This really shows that Atticus actually believes in what he is saying, and not just saying what ever sounds good. This made me think twice about my definition of courage is.

  2. Analyse the trial scene and its relationship to the rest of the novel To ...

    Racial prejudice is shown against black people by them having to sit in separate and special places, the view society had on Dolphus Raymond (a white man living with a black woman)

  1. What does Scout learn during the course of the novel? Make sure to include ...

    Scout becomes aware that there is racial tension present in Maycomb, for example, she sees that white people do not like the black people and in reverse, the black people do not like the white people. This leaves the mixed people no where to go as the whites will not

  2. Is Atticus in your opinion a good father? ...

    Also he treats everyone with the courtesy they deserve, despite their colour. A good example of this is when Mr Ewell spits in Atticus' face he stays calm and wipes off the saliva and does not react. This shows to Jem how he could stay calm even if provoked through an attack or hurt by someone.

  1. To Kill A Mockingbird Full Summary

    Their youngest son, Arthur, mixed with "the wrong crowd," a gang of boys who were finally arrested and brought to court after driving an old car through the town square and locking Maycomb's beadle in an outhouse. Though the other boys went to industrial school, Arthur (a.k.a.

  2. Is Atticus Finch a good father?

    all times free to interrupt Atticus for a translation when it was beyond our understanding?. Apart from Miss Maudie Atkinson, there are few other characters that treat the children with such bluntness. Furthermore, Atticus allows his children to address him by his forename, which shows the adult relationship he has with his children.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work