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Trace carefully the stages by which the Pigs take control of Animal Farm

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Introduction

Trace carefully the stages by which the Pigs take control of Animal Farm Animal Farm is a satirical beast fable, containing a parallel to the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin, it has though more meaningfully an anatomy of all political revolutions, where the revolutionary ideals of justice, equality, and fraternity shatter in the event. Animal Farm was constructed on a circular basis to illustrate the futility of the revolution. The novel is a series of dramatic repudiations of the Seven Commandments by the insatiable thirst for power of the pigs, and a return to the tyranny and irresponsibility of the beginning. The only change will be in the identity of the masters and ironically, that will be only partially changed. Although the original intention of overthrowing Mr. Jones, and replacing him with the system of Animalism is not inherently evil in itself (indeed, the animals strived to create an utopian society based on equality and prosperity). Napoleon's subsequent rise to power and adoption of nearly all of Mr. Jones principles and harsh mistreatment of the "lesser" animals proves to the readers that indeed Animalism is not equality, but just another form of inequality. The pigs and the dogs take most of the authority for themselves, in creeping stages (which are not obvious to the "lesser" animals, which the narrator described as "stupid"). ...read more.

Middle

in beds, wearing clothes, or drinking alcohol, are fundamentally different to the other ones, which are aimed at reinforcing the unity of the animal world and establishing some basic beliefs for the animals to share. With these Commandments, the animals attach some sort of prestige and significance, to those vestiges of human life that they might not have developed otherwise. By forbidding these acts, the leaders turn the items into signifiers of prestige and social standing, making the pigs' eventual adoption of human habits ironic, as they want to the of a higher social standing than the rest of the animals. Snowball leads the others to the harvest, and it is a clear signal of leadership, and as well as the first unmistakable signs that the revolution will drift away from the common animals' ideals, which were more aligned with Old Major's vision of a classless society. The exclusion of the pigs from the farm labour marks the beginning of the social stratification, "with their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume leadership," which would have anathema to Old Major. The ideals, which are laid in writing on the walls, are perverted almost immediately. This chapter also establishes the division between Snowball and Napoleon. Snowball is clearly the thinker of the movement, developing the flag-raising ritual and symbolism and creating the elaborate system of committees, (again, the teacher-pupil divisions between the animals exist). ...read more.

Conclusion

This is how the pigs took control of Animal Farm. Squealer is a follower rather than a leader, his abilities as a persuasive, manipulative politician is used by Napoleon to get control of Animal Farm, through devious ways. Squealer becomes an instrument of the regime, a device by which Napoleon communicates with other animals, like Boxer to persuade them for Napoleon's personal gain. For example, Boxer devotes himself to the cause, pledges his allegiance to Napoleon and his mottos and speech is indicative of the discourse fed to him. Moreover, the threat of Napoleon's dogs who are under Napoleon's control shows clearly the developing state of tyranny and oppression, which will change the "unalterable" seven commandments into Napoleon's own laws. This is the start of the devolution of the original ideals of the revolution into a totalitarian regime. This will disintegrate in the final, climatic scene, where the animals finally see the parallels between the pigs and the humans, is both chilling and poignant. The animals are not as intelligent as the pigs, so it is with earnest and gullible faith that they have withstood the destruction of their revolutionary ideals and the advent of the totalitarian regime. The moment where the animals vividly recognize the pigs for the human minded and therefore hopelessly corrupted rulers that they are is a moment of disillusionment, and ultimately horror. GCSE English Literature Animal Farm Philip Xiu - 1 - ...read more.

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