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Treatment of nature in Tess.

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Introduction

Treatment of nature in Tess. Nature figures prominently in Hardy's novel, "Tess of the D'urbervilles". In so far as the philosophy of the literature Hardy is concerned the role of Nature in "Tess" contributes to a great extent. Nature is closely related also to the social and cosmic visions of Hardy. All the major characters of Hardy are off-spring of Nature. They are rather composed of the elements. All of them live in close of the elements. All of them live in close kinship with nature. This kinship prepares for Hardy the conception of the organic community. An organic community is one which has close kinship with nature and whose members are mutually inter-depended. This conception of the organic community, where the role of Nature is immense, is important and closely associated with the social perspective of Hardy. At least twice, in the course of this novel, we come across organic communities. For the first time in Tess's own village Marlott where the inhabitants are closely connected with Nature and they form an organic community. For the next time, we trace such a community in Talbothays Dairy. ...read more.

Middle

In some places of "Tess of the Durbervilles" Nature contributes to the understanding of Hardy's cosmic vision. It is significant that by the time Hardy is writing "Tess" he has rejected Christianity. Nature has substituted the Christian god. Nature is viewed by him as an all pervading Authority. Both good and evil are manifest in Nature. The mysteries of our bodily instincts are closely related to the mysteries of Nature. It is in the Oldest Wood that Tess is "seduced" by Alec. She is "seduced" not raped. Her body has a language of its ownand it has found its resonance in the body of Alec and this happens in the lap of Nature. At some places Nature is viewed by Hardy as such an Authority whose agents are controlling everything. Abraham, Tess's younger brother has gone out in the night to search for their parents, and his going out in the night is described in such terms, "And the night swallowed him up." Night here is an agent of Nature. Tess is viewed by the author as of Nature." What Angel thinks about her is also significant. ...read more.

Conclusion

A passage in chapter- XIII which seems especially revealing in this is that which describes Tess's gloomy nocturnal rambling in the weeks following her seduction, where she is explicitely shown entertaining the pathetic fallacy, and her mistake explicitely pointed out by the author: "A wet day was the expression of irremediable grief at her weakness. But , the novel goes on , this encompassment of her own characterization, based on shreds of convention, peopled by phantoms and voices antipathetic to her, was a "mistaken creation of Tess's fancy--- a cloud of moral hobgoblins by which she was terrified without reason." Here we are meant to feel that Tess's "guilt" is a fabrication of social convention, sometimes unknown to the natural order which Tess distorts by projecting her own feelings into it. That Nature should present its most somber aspect to Tess when she is most desolate is, in a way, evidence of how deeply she is "in accord" with Nature. Elsewhere in the novel it is true that when Nature is not presented to Tess's consciousness, it is neither innocent nor guilty, but neutral: neither sympathetic nor hostile, but indifferent. ...read more.

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