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Using chapters 34 & 35 show how Hardy presents Angel's rejection of Tess why does he reject her

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Introduction

Using chapters 34 & 35 show how Hardy presents Angel's rejection of Tess why does he reject her? Hardy portrays Angel's rejection of Tess in a number of different ways. At the start of chapter 34 Angel makes the mistake of choosing an old d'Urberville mansion for their honeymoon. Tess is upset by the choice as it suggests that all will not be well. 'Welcome to your ancestral mansion,' is perceived being a very hypocritical remark by Angel as he is renowned in previous chapters for disliking old aristocratic families, yet contrary he likes Tess to be associated with this d'Urberville name. This gives the reader an insight in to his hypocritical side which will take precedence in his rejection of Tess. Hardy also adds to a sense of foreboding by the grim description of the house as a 'mouldy old inhabitation.' The portraits of the two d'Urbiville women are described in a derogatory way 'bill hook nose, large teeth.' The presence of these portraits disturbs Tess as her features are traceable to these women. This suggests that although she is visibly a beauty she has inherited the ugliness within and also the statement by Angel made in a previous chapter that rottenness is handed down in aristocratic families maybe true in her case. The 'smirk of merciless treachery,' shown on one of the family portraits suggests the knowing of with holding of information. ...read more.

Middle

'You would look best in a wing bonnet and cotton frock', this implies that perhaps he is not satisfied with her dress and standing of being a milk maid. It is apparent Angel says one thing but as here we wonder what his true values really are. Further on in the chapter it is revealed that on of the maids had tried, unsuccessfully to kill herself as she was so distraught about Angel's marriage. This depresses Tess even more and makes her feel even more unworthy of Angel. There is a climax to Tess's confession. Hardy surprises the reader by Angel's untimely confession about his affair. Hardy allows this to happen to lead the reader and Tess to believe that she will receive some forgiveness as he has past discrepancies. Hardy presents Tess to be almost relieved at this revelation as she will expect to be forgiven. 'I am almost glad-now you can forgive me', therefore encouraged she confronts angel about her past. Shock and disbelief are felt by Tess and the reader when Angel rejects her on hearing her confession. The description of the fire featured throughout chapter 34 symbolises the love and passion between Tess and Angel. The reader is first aware of the presence of the fire when Hardy describes the candle flames drawing towards the fire place. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although it was acceptable for a man to have an affair before marriage it was deemed scandalous if a woman was not a virgin. This was therefore part of the reason why Angel rejected Tess. In modern day society this issue would not exist. As Angel was of a superior social and wealth standing to Tess the only quality she possessed to Angel was her purity. Angel rejected Tess as his image of her pureness was shattered and for a inferior woman like Tess to be inpure was deemed unacceptable to both Angel and society. Angels prejudice towards people of lower class is shown when he says to Tess 'different societies different manners.' A harsh comment, meaning that what is acceptable in the lower classes is not necessarily acceptable in the upper classes. This shows that he is prejudiced against lower classes and would use her low social standing against her. In today's society these social standings do not exist and it would be unacceptable to judge a person by their class. Tess was made to feel guilty by her secret and believed that she deserved no better treatment by Angel as she believed that she had sinned. This is shown when in her desperation she said to Angel that she would throw herself off the bridge 'in account of my shame.' As modern day readers it is hard to understand her reaction as in today's society women would not accept the cruel remarks construed by Angel. ...read more.

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