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Using the four poems; 'Song of the old mother' by William Butler Yeats, 'On my first sonne' by Ben Johnson, 'Digging' by Seamus Heany and 'Catrin' by Gillian Clarke, I am going to compare how the poets use different techniques

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Choose; two poems from the poetry bank, one by Seamus Heaney and one poem by Gillian Clarke and compare all four poems on how they write about the relationships between parents and children. Using the four poems; 'Song of the old mother' by William Butler Yeats, 'On my first sonne' by Ben Johnson, 'Digging' by Seamus Heany and 'Catrin' by Gillian Clarke, I am going to compare how the poets use different techniques to show the relationships between parents and children, also how the writer conveys their ideas to the reader. In the following paragraphs I'm going to talk my interpretation of the four selected poems. In 'Song of the Old Mother' William Butler Yeats is the writer for this poem however he is not the narrator of this poem, his mother is. This poem is about growing old and how the mother thinks children take things for granted. The mother talks about everyday simple tasks, she has lots of work to do 'even before the children and sun come out'. She repeats that because she is old, she must work and she is warning her children that one day her children will too be old and have to work really hard and she is getting cold because it is getting late and the fires going out. ...read more.


For example 'child of my right hand'. As it says in the bible Jesus is sitting on the right-hand side of god also a right hand man is someone who is very important to you. So Ben Johnson is using this phrase to convey his feelings towards God and his son, to the reader. Also 'sin' is a religious term, 'will man lament the state should envie?' Is another example. After death people believed they go to a better life so his dad envies him. The paradox in this poem is that the father is sad because his son is gone; however he is happy because the son has gone to a better place than earth. Alliteration is used in this poem 'so soone scrap'd worlds, and fleshes rage'. 'Seven yeeres tho'wert lent to me, and I thee pay' is another example of a religious reference it is also a metaphor of god lending the child to Johnson. There are no oxymorons in this poem. 'Soft peace' in line nine is an example of a strong adjective. Lines nine and ten use strong adjectives are used to describe the type poem. ...read more.


In stanza three there isn't much rhyme, for example 'Till his straining rump among the flowerbed bends low come up twenty years ago.' The rhyming scheme is irregular, the poet chooses to do this to make the reader see that everything is not well and something is wrong. There isn't much rhythm apart from the first two stanzas. The poem contains enjambment; in 'Digging' the sentence runs from one stanza to the next. This makes the poem flow, without enjambment the poem would not make much sense. In 'Catrin the first stanza is about when the child is just born. The second stanza is about when the child is older. The change of stanza shows a change of direction. Enjambment is also used in this poem to make it flow and make sense. In the following paragraphs I'm going to talk about my personal response of the selected poems. I liked 'Song of the Old Mother' because of how the rhyming scheme (rhyming couplets) gives it a good rhythm. I also like how the poet uses repetition to represent the beginning and end of the day. The alliteration used creates an image of 'fire flicker', so it involves the reader. 'On My First Sonne' is a sad poem and I think it has a lot of meaning. ...read more.

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