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Using Thomas Hardy’s “Tony Kytes, The Arch-Deceiver” and Bill Naughton’s “Spiv In Love” compare the central male character in each. Demonstrating an appreciation of social and historical influences and cultural context.

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Introduction

Using Thomas Hardy's "Tony Kytes, The Arch-Deceiver" and Bill Naughton's "Spiv In Love" compare the central male character in each. Demonstrating an appreciation of social and historical influences and cultural context. "Tony Kytes The Arch-Deceiver" is a short story written by Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) in the late half on the 19th century. Thomas Hardy also wrote a lot of poetry and novels. This story was set in Upper Long Puddle, Dorset in the south of England and is about the main characters relationship with the countryside women. The society in the 19th century was very rural and religious. More than likely many people in the village would know most of your business. Within the first paragraph there is a reference to "smallpox" which would have been a very common disease within that period of time. There were also other diseases such as chickenpox and pneumonia. Also Tony Kytes emphasises the type of clothing available in the 19th century by using words such as "petticoats" and "breeches". ...read more.

Middle

and "swound" (a faint). These words and phrases would assure the readers that this story was set sometime in the late half of the 19th century. Women were often dependent on men and usually their future was decided by their father, who would decide who their husband would be. In the more rural working class women had a bit more of choice to which they would marry. Bill Naughton's "Spiv In Love" was set in a different time compared to Thomas Hardy's story. In "Tony Kytes" Thomas Hardy uses "The Arch Deceiver" as the second part of title meanwhile Bill Naughton's uses the word "Spiv" which would help the audience decide when the story was set. Spiv is a British slang word, which describes a man who was pretty trickster or a flashily dressed and dishonest looking man. Bill Naughton's Spiv uses lots of colloquial speech, common to the time and the background: "Summink", What", "Was", And "Bob". A weapon that Bill Naughton mentions is a "Knuckle Duster" which was a very popular weapon in gang fights. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hannah who declines Tony's proposal offer called Tony a "false deceiver" but her father who was concerned about the scratch on her face influenced the decision. I Feel that Tony Kytes is not a model of the times, Tony's father tries to persuade him that it is a scandal to be seen with when who you are not engaged to. The character of the Spiv could be described as "macho" which reflects his social class. The Spiv views women as products and loves to "show em off" to his mates in the dance hall's and pubs. Spiv seems to show a very small amount of emotion to his women. Tony Kytes misleads his women a lot more than what Spiv does. Spiv can be quite comical at times as this is shown when he says, " I don't object to knife fights...but I object to having my clothes spoilt. In conclusion both of the characters appeal to the audience even though they have flaws. The gentler character of Tony Kytes hides a more dishonest and manipulative personality but both are a product of the social and cultural settings. ...read more.

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