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Was Orwell successful in warning of the dangers of communism through a 'Fairy Story'?

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Introduction

Was Orwell successful in warning of the dangers of communism through a 'Fairy Story'? George Orwell felt very strongly about political leaders who tried to gain absolute power and who would not allow other people or other politicians to have a say in the running of the country. He was a revolutionary socialist and believed that a new and more just society could only be built by destroying the old forms of power and government. He wanted to criticize the communist regime, which he saw to be sweeping through Russia and Europe and even the United States. Orwell was unable to accept the communism interpretation of socialism (the theory that everyone should have shared wealth and equality) because he saw many similarities between the communist governments and the previous Tsarist regimes in old Russia. If he had written a political warning, as many others had, it is likely that he would simply have been ignored but with his aim to "fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole" he decided to write a simple and childlike story, which could easily be understood, a fairy story. ...read more.

Middle

In the end of the book the leaders (Napoleon and the other pigs) stand upon two legs. At this sight the animals, "in spite of everything - in spite of their terror of the dogs, and of the habit, developed through long years, of never complaining never criticizing, no matter what happened - they might have uttered some word of protest" but were silenced by the bleating of the sheep. This suggests that the poor and downtrodden Russians were animals that were stupid, incapable of criticism or independent thought and easily silenced yet the leaders of the revolution were intelligent and superior. This is symbolized in Animal Farm by the phrase, "Four legs good, two legs better!" This suggestion could possibly have aroused negative feelings towards Orwell's story within the working class Russians. In 1945 when Russia was a strong ally of Great Britain, the Ministry of Information warned Jonathan Cape against publishing the book as they felt that it would be disloyal to publish a book in which Russian politicians were represented as pigs. Orwell uses his farm to symbolize the communist system. The book begins with the rebellion against Mr. ...read more.

Conclusion

This symbolises the re-writing of the past ten years of propaganda within the Russian Revolution. Eventually the commandments are removed from the barn wall. This represents the whole concept of communism beginning destroyed. Animal Farm contributed to most of the Western World finally realising the danger of communism. Soon a Cold War began between the world's greatest superpowers - the Soviet Union and the United States. In the end, America would prove that capitalism and democracy could outlive a system of unequal equality. Orwell recognises the danger of inequality within communism and refers to this in Animal Farm with the phrase, "ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS". I believe that Orwell was extremely successful in warning of the dangers of communism through a 'fairy story' as although the book can be appreciated as a story in which a group of animals try pathetically to behave like humans and fail there are clear parallels between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution. Unlike the many political warnings wrote in the 1940's Orwell was not ignored. ...read more.

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