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"'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages.' Discuss Jack's statement in Chapter Two in the light of the events of Chapters One to Five of 'Lord of the Flies.'"

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Introduction

"'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages.' Discuss Jack's statement in Chapter Two in the light of the events of Chapters One to Five of 'Lord of the Flies.'" Lord of the Flies follows a story of a plane crashing on an uninhabited island. We are not told the exact reason for this, but it is assumed that the crash was a result of events associated with a war such as the 'Cold War' or the 'Korean War' in the 1950s, when the novel was written. "Didn't you hear what the pilot said? About the atom bomb? They're all dead?" This suggests that there could have been a nuclear war around the world and the passengers were evacuated from their "Home Counties" in England. The survivors of the crash are a group of young boys marooned on the island, however we know little about them prior to the crash. Piggy and Ralph are the boys who are first introduced in the novel and we then see the other boys emerging together from echo of the conch. It is now we learn about the main characters of the novel. Jack is first seen as a strong-willed and enthusiastic boy who shows leadership and authority over his group "Choir! Stand still!" Ralph immediately recognises that Jack has "the voice of one who knew his own mind." ...read more.

Middle

We already see the creation of the hunters in the first chapter that was created by Jack. Ralph "wanted to offer something" and so he decided that Jack could create his own "army." The imposition of the rules was applied well as they used a "conch" which represented authority and order. Every time a person wanted to point their view across, they would hold the conch and express their own views. Jack's leadership is again shown when the topic of 'the beastie' arises within the group. When a small boy is forced to speak about the beastie he saw, Jack tries to show authority over everyone, including Ralph. He convinces to the little boy that "if there was a snake we'd hunt it and kill it. We'll make sure when we go hunting." At this moment, Ralph was astounded to hear what had just happened. He was "annoyed and defeated." Ralph was the chief of the group and he had every right to control the group and think of the best way of being rescued. The beast represents an anarchic side to the novel, as it brings no authority. By already creating the hunters, Jack has his own point of view of surviving on the island. It can be said that Jack himself is a hunter as he "lowered his chin and stared at the traces and then dog-like" crept along the trails. ...read more.

Conclusion

Golding has used the mask to symbolise Jack's true behaviour in the novel. The mask was used to create another view of Jack's personality as "the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self - consciousness." In conclusion, there has been a clear move from civilisation towards savagery. At the beginning of the novel, we see Jack as a civilised and young boy but in the duration of the events that have taken place; Jack is emerged as a hunter and is described like a savage from an African tribe. He shows a sense of order and authority over the choirboys, which was accepted by Ralph, but with this sense of confidence building within Jack, he has tried to not only overcome the choirboys, but also Ralph, Piggy and the rest of the boys. "Golding knew exactly what the boys are like." This was taken from a newspaper review in the 1950s and this tells us that Golding's views about how boys would survive on a island seems realistic as he used to watch how boys used to interact with each other in the playground. Lord of the Flies is more than an adventurous story: it gives us a lesson about what human nature is all about. It consists of messages and morals that we can learn from, such as how we behave in a primitive way, how we are cruel to each other and how we can easily be influenced and bullied. ...read more.

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