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What are Dickens’ aims in “A ChristmasCarol”?

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Introduction

What are Dickens' aims in "A Christmas Carol"? Charles Dickens wrote 'A Christmas Carol' in 1843. This essay will discuss the way that Dickens shows his message of the re-plight of the poor and what he thought of how the poor were treated during Christmas times in the 1840s. Britain in the 1840s was a very different, dark place. Poverty was widespread and later these times were known as the 'Hungry Forties'. This was the time when many dreadful practices became dismantled. For example, after 1843, children under the age of nine years old were banned from working in the factories. However, social conditions for the working class remained desperate. London was growing far to quickly, without proper provision of sewage or housing facilities. In the 1840s alone the population increased by a quarter of a million. England at this time was a good place to live if you were rich. For the poor and the underdogs, there was misery, sickness, neglect and even starvation. Charles Dickens knew the poor and how they suffered because he was one of them. When he was younger he lived in poverty and his family did not have that much money. Dickens made it an aim of his to write about everything that was wrong during his time. Dickens is now a great figure in history for the many shameful things he put right by writing his novels. ...read more.

Middle

Scrooge and his nephew have a conversation about Christmas and what each believed about the meaning of the holy day. 'Don't be cross uncle.' 'What else can I be, when I live in a world of such fools as this? Merry Christmas! Out upon merry Christmas! What's Christmas time to you but a time for paying bills without money...' 'Every idiot that goes about with Merry Christmas on his lips, should be boiled with his own pudding.' Dickens uses Scrooges conversations in the first stave to sum up the attitude of some of the upper class during the 1840s. The final conversation with the two charity collectors shows how evil and cruel Scrooge is. He would rather have all the poor in the factories doing hard labour. Dickens also uses Scrooge to show how some of the people thought during the 1840s. They would prefer for the poor to kill themselves so that it would decrease the population creating more space. All these references symbolise the sufferings of the poor. 'Are there no prisons?' 'And the union Workhouses?' 'The Treadmill and the Poor Law are still in full vigour, then?' 'Oh I was afraid, from what you said at first, that something had stopped them in their useful course' 'Many can't go there; and many would rather die.' 'If they would rather die... they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.' ...read more.

Conclusion

funeral and people selling his belongings on, it made Scrooge believe that there was a chance he could change the way he acted and lived his life. This is also influential to the reader and the general public at the time of Dickens. It made them think that by changing the way they acted they would not be aggravated in the after-life. 'It's likely to be a very cheap funeral... for upon my life I don't know of anybody to go to it... I don't mind going if lunch is provided' When the ghost of Christmas present left Scrooge he pulled out two ragged little children, they were Ignorance and Want. The key to Dickens novel is the first child Ignorance. The ignorance is of the people that have the power to change all the poor conditions but choose not to. Scrooge does change considerably from the cold, misery figure to a warm-hearted, merry soul. By using his money wisely, Scrooge helps all those in need and saves Tiny Tim from dying. Dickens seems to be a very influential writer at the time when he was writing. He continuously relates his novels to the conditions of the poor and how they were treated. It is against this background that Charles Dickens wrote his most famous Christmas story. It is a story designed to harness our emotions and to rattle our consciences. Dickens was writing against social conditions in order to convince his readers of the need for reform. English Essay Sherrick Chavda ...read more.

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