• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the moral lessons Dickens wished to convey in A Christmas Carol, and how effectively does he convey them?

Extracts from this document...


What are the moral lessons Dickens wished to convey in A Christmas Carol, and how effectively does he convey them? There are lots of different lessons that Dickens teaches the Victorian reader in A Christmas Carol. For example, he implies that there was terrible suffering at this time in London, and the rich didn't do their job, which was to help relieve it. Also, he gives the impression that money can alienate you from your fellow man, and true happiness only comes from love and family. Finally he implies that it is never too late to change your ways. These were all reasons why he wrote A Christmas Carol, over all he wanted to help the suffering people in London, as he knew how it felt to be on the rich side and the poor side. After being born in Portsmouth, into a well off family, and going to school in London, his father was arrested after getting into debt, and so were his family. They were then forced to work in a filthy warehouse. Such were the bad conditions for adults and children alike who were below the poverty line, that the life expectancy for a laborer in Bethnal Green was 15 years old. A message that Dickens gives the reader in this text is that in the Victorian era in London, the amount of people below the poverty line was huge, and the rich failed in their task to help relieve it. ...read more.


Dickens then again presents Scrooge as a penny-pinching old man, for getting rid of a carol singer, who was only trying to make people a bit happier on Christmas Eve, for example, "at the first sound of "God bless you merry gentleman..." Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action, that the singer fled in terror..." From this, it can be seen that Scrooge wants nothing to do with Christmas, and he thinks it is waste of time and money. Scrooge is then reminded of the fianc�e he once had, but he lost her when, "Another idol has displaced" her, A golden one". From this, we can gather that Scrooge was once very happy and did believe in love, but he became too greedy and from loving his fianc�e, he started loving money instead, she was replaced by "a golden one" this golden one was his money, that made him forget her and move on. Another of the moral lessons Dickens teaches the reader in A Christmas Carol is that compassion, love of family and friends and generosity of spirit brings true pleasure, even in the face of hardship. This is taught to the reader, through the use of Scrooge's visions and experiences with the three spirits. This is shown, when dickens writes about how "...the two young Cratchits hustled Tiny Tim, and bore him off into the wash-house, that he might hear the pudding singing in the copper." ...read more.


He also takes to complimenting people in his mind, like the little "delightful boy", who was "a pleasure to talk to". This truly shows just how much Scrooge has improved, as before he was threatening carol singers if they didn't leave, but now he is complimenting a boy for telling him what day it is. Dickens makes it clear, how Scrooge changes his ways, and is happier for it, by saying "His own heart laughed; and that was quite enough for him." This shows that Scrooge is having a good Christmas, and is happier for it. It also tells us that just by having fun at Christmas can change how a person views life and how much they enjoy it. In conclusion, this novel shows how Dickens uses the novel to show all the short comings in his society. He can be seen as a social critic, who promoted more charitable behavior to his Victorian reader, who would have learned how bad life was for the poor, through Scrooge's experiences. Dickens ends with a positive note for everyone, when he says "it was always said that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge. May that be truly said of us, and all of us!" Fro this, we can establish that Dickens really wrote this book, as a lesson to the rich in society who neglected their duty to the poor, which was to help those less fortunate than themselves. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 4 Sean Lynch-Lawton ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. How does Dickens use atmosphere and suspense to convey his moral message in 'A ...

    Dickens uses this to further grip the reader into the storyline and make the reader feel what Scrooge is supposed to be feeling, which is fear. We are introduced to the 'Ghost of Christmas Past' shortly afterwards, and this creates an eerie atmosphere, as Scrooge is suddenly in the presence of a supernatural being.

  2. Dickens’ A Christmas Carol and Priestley’s An Inspector Calls have strong messages for the ...

    are significant moments we make which can lead to disaster or salvation; in "An Inspector Calls," the Inspector analyses these moments and tries to make the characters see where they have gone wrong. In, "A Christmas Carol," Scrooge sees his past present and future and realises that he too has

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    He goes from being a dark, hard, cold person to a forgiving, loving and warm person. What dickens is saying is, if Scrooge can make this transformation, so can the rest of Britain. Dickens best shows this when the spirit of Christmas Present reveals the two children from beneath its robe.

  2. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    Why did his cold eye glisten, and his heart leap up as they went past? Why was he filled with gladness when he heard them give each other Merry Christmas, as they parted at crossroads and byways for their several homes?

  1. How does Dickens use the character of Scrooge to teach his readers, old and ...

    stake of holly through heir heart' - this hyperbole truly shows Scrooge's hideous attitude to Christmas, and allows Dickens to enter his own opinions, and leave us no doubt about Scrooge's evilness, and we feel hatred towards Scrooge. We also learn more about Scrooge's unethical attributes, supporting the workhouses and poor law.

  2. How Does Dickens Convey His Moral Message In a Christmas Carol?

    He cared more about his education than Christmas. His friends, if he had any, had left him to look a sad sight on his own. This image made Scrooge think about what he had missed out on in his childhood.

  1. Dickens is trying to change Victorian society. How does he use the ghosts to ...

    Scrooge first finds out that he is committing himself to an eternity of misery at the introduction of his deceased partner, Marley. Marley's face first appears in Scrooge's door knocker, but Scrooge dismisses it, believing he is imagining things. Dickens does this to excite the reader, to make them anticipate

  2. A Christmas Carol Coursework. Dickens describes Scrooge as as solitary as an oyster. ...

    no effect on him whatsoever, so can't possibly make him any colder. The same idea of Scrooge's immunity of being swayed by the weather is also in the quote 'No wind that blew were bitterer than he' too. Like the other quote, this shows that however hard the wind blew

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work