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What are the moral lessons Dickens wished to convey in A Christmas Carol, and how effectively does he convey them?

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Introduction

What are the moral lessons Dickens wished to convey in A Christmas Carol, and how effectively does he convey them? There are lots of different lessons that Dickens teaches the Victorian reader in A Christmas Carol. For example, he implies that there was terrible suffering at this time in London, and the rich didn't do their job, which was to help relieve it. Also, he gives the impression that money can alienate you from your fellow man, and true happiness only comes from love and family. Finally he implies that it is never too late to change your ways. These were all reasons why he wrote A Christmas Carol, over all he wanted to help the suffering people in London, as he knew how it felt to be on the rich side and the poor side. After being born in Portsmouth, into a well off family, and going to school in London, his father was arrested after getting into debt, and so were his family. They were then forced to work in a filthy warehouse. Such were the bad conditions for adults and children alike who were below the poverty line, that the life expectancy for a laborer in Bethnal Green was 15 years old. A message that Dickens gives the reader in this text is that in the Victorian era in London, the amount of people below the poverty line was huge, and the rich failed in their task to help relieve it. ...read more.

Middle

Dickens then again presents Scrooge as a penny-pinching old man, for getting rid of a carol singer, who was only trying to make people a bit happier on Christmas Eve, for example, "at the first sound of "God bless you merry gentleman..." Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action, that the singer fled in terror..." From this, it can be seen that Scrooge wants nothing to do with Christmas, and he thinks it is waste of time and money. Scrooge is then reminded of the fianc�e he once had, but he lost her when, "Another idol has displaced" her, A golden one". From this, we can gather that Scrooge was once very happy and did believe in love, but he became too greedy and from loving his fianc�e, he started loving money instead, she was replaced by "a golden one" this golden one was his money, that made him forget her and move on. Another of the moral lessons Dickens teaches the reader in A Christmas Carol is that compassion, love of family and friends and generosity of spirit brings true pleasure, even in the face of hardship. This is taught to the reader, through the use of Scrooge's visions and experiences with the three spirits. This is shown, when dickens writes about how "...the two young Cratchits hustled Tiny Tim, and bore him off into the wash-house, that he might hear the pudding singing in the copper." ...read more.

Conclusion

He also takes to complimenting people in his mind, like the little "delightful boy", who was "a pleasure to talk to". This truly shows just how much Scrooge has improved, as before he was threatening carol singers if they didn't leave, but now he is complimenting a boy for telling him what day it is. Dickens makes it clear, how Scrooge changes his ways, and is happier for it, by saying "His own heart laughed; and that was quite enough for him." This shows that Scrooge is having a good Christmas, and is happier for it. It also tells us that just by having fun at Christmas can change how a person views life and how much they enjoy it. In conclusion, this novel shows how Dickens uses the novel to show all the short comings in his society. He can be seen as a social critic, who promoted more charitable behavior to his Victorian reader, who would have learned how bad life was for the poor, through Scrooge's experiences. Dickens ends with a positive note for everyone, when he says "it was always said that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge. May that be truly said of us, and all of us!" Fro this, we can establish that Dickens really wrote this book, as a lesson to the rich in society who neglected their duty to the poor, which was to help those less fortunate than themselves. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 4 Sean Lynch-Lawton ...read more.

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