• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Do You Understand By The Term 'The War Of The Roses?'

Extracts from this document...


Eddy Williams 12.2 History What Do You Understand By The Term 'The War Of The Roses?' The War of the roses was a group of civil that were fought in medieval Britain between 1455 and 1487. It was, essentially a battle for the throne that two groups of people felt they were entitled to. They were the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The King at the start of the war was Henry VI, who was a Lancastrian. His rival was the Duke of York, who was of course, a Yorkist. York was very unhappy about the fact that Henry wouldn't allow him on his council, a group of lading noblemen that advised the King. ...read more.


Together they won the first decisive battle at Towton in 1461. This was the largest battle and after it Edward of the Yorkists became King Edward IV. Edward ruled for 9 years until he was deposed, by his once ally, the Earl of Warwick. Warwick felt he hadn't been rewarded enough by Edward and joined forces with, his once enemy, Margaret of Anjou, the King of France and the remaining Lancastrains. They invaded Britain in 1470 and King Edward was forced to flee the country. Warwick quickly re-installed Henry VI back to the throne, however it was clear he was Warwick's puppet. This restoration was short lived and in 1471 Edward, armed with only a few hundred men, killed and defeated Warwick at the Battle of Barnet on April 14th 1471. ...read more.


However, Edward V's reign as ruler lasted less then 3 months. Richard usurped* the throne and soon became Richard III. This outraged Even the Yorkist supporters who were outraged at Richard's bold move, especially as the boy King Edward and his younger brother Richard were imprisoned in the Tower and died mysteriously there. The alienated nobles threw their support behind Henry Tudor, the claimant from the House of Lancaster. With their aid and that of the French, his forces defeated Richard's army at the final battle, the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Richard himself was killed in a bold charge against the rebels, and Henry Tudor then assumed the throne as King Henry VII, the first king in the Tudor dynasty * 'Usurped' - Taking Power ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Richard III section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Richard III essays

  1. 'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple ...

    Act five scene three - the scene before the Battle of Bosworth. Both Richard's and Richmond's sides prepare for the battle to come. This scene is the psychological zenith of the play and Richard's downfall becomes almost inevitable from here on in.

  2. How effectively did the Scots respond to Edward I's historical arguments for English superiority ...

    form of their own version of both distant and more recent Anglo-Scottish history. The first known response was that produced by the skilled canon lawyers William Frere the Deacon of Lothian, Master William Eaglesham and Master Baldred Bisset. Their letter to the pope of 1301 illustrated their legal expertise and

  1. How effective was Edward IV's domestic government from 1471?

    (Although some underhand methods were used, i.e. the Mawbray inheritance, which was made through an act of parliament in 1481.) He had better administration and used better techniques of modern management and took care with his patronage. (Which may have been seen as being mean.)

  2. Edward VI - Young, Gifted and King.

    Coxe ensured that Edward advanced his knowledge of logic, natural philosophy and astronomy as well as the more traditional subjects of History and Geography. In preparation for his role as king, Edward was taught in government issues. He covered numerous topics such as religious and economic policies.

  1. Is it right to describe Edward the Confessor as a failure?

    Therefore this caused further complications to the succession, which could partially be blamed on Edward. According to William of Poitiers4 and William of Jumi�ges5 and supported by Bayeux Tapestry6 and Guy of Amiens7, Edward sent Harold to promise an oath of his own free will to confirm William's claim to the throne in 1064.

  2. How effective a ruler was Edward 4th from 1471 to 1483?

    The magnates were not as prominent as had been in previous reigns. It was noticeable that Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk weren't ever councillors. He also excluded Stafford and the Duke of Buckingham. This may have been because he didn't trust their motives for decisions.

  1. How strong was the monarchy on the death of Edward IV in 1483?

    Edward made efforts to calm Clarence, even forcing Gloucester to resign from the post of Great Chamberlain of England in favour of Clarence. However, following various moves to secure their inheritance, Edward intervened in 1473 he passed an act of Resumption and deprived both brothers of all lands they owned by royal grant.

  2. Why did the Yorkist Dynasty Collapse?

    Except for later supposition, no substantial evidence exists that Richard had them assassinated. Edward IV's elevation of the Woodville Family so alienated the other peers that it was one of the main causes of the downfall of the Yorkist dynasty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work