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What Do You Understand By The Term 'The War Of The Roses?'

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Introduction

Eddy Williams 12.2 History What Do You Understand By The Term 'The War Of The Roses?' The War of the roses was a group of civil that were fought in medieval Britain between 1455 and 1487. It was, essentially a battle for the throne that two groups of people felt they were entitled to. They were the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The King at the start of the war was Henry VI, who was a Lancastrian. His rival was the Duke of York, who was of course, a Yorkist. York was very unhappy about the fact that Henry wouldn't allow him on his council, a group of lading noblemen that advised the King. ...read more.

Middle

Together they won the first decisive battle at Towton in 1461. This was the largest battle and after it Edward of the Yorkists became King Edward IV. Edward ruled for 9 years until he was deposed, by his once ally, the Earl of Warwick. Warwick felt he hadn't been rewarded enough by Edward and joined forces with, his once enemy, Margaret of Anjou, the King of France and the remaining Lancastrains. They invaded Britain in 1470 and King Edward was forced to flee the country. Warwick quickly re-installed Henry VI back to the throne, however it was clear he was Warwick's puppet. This restoration was short lived and in 1471 Edward, armed with only a few hundred men, killed and defeated Warwick at the Battle of Barnet on April 14th 1471. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Edward V's reign as ruler lasted less then 3 months. Richard usurped* the throne and soon became Richard III. This outraged Even the Yorkist supporters who were outraged at Richard's bold move, especially as the boy King Edward and his younger brother Richard were imprisoned in the Tower and died mysteriously there. The alienated nobles threw their support behind Henry Tudor, the claimant from the House of Lancaster. With their aid and that of the French, his forces defeated Richard's army at the final battle, the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Richard himself was killed in a bold charge against the rebels, and Henry Tudor then assumed the throne as King Henry VII, the first king in the Tudor dynasty * 'Usurped' - Taking Power ...read more.

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