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What is a Hurricane?

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Introduction

What is a Hurricane? Hurricanes are severe tropical storm with wind of 73mph or more. They only occur in the Western Hemisphere over the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. The Hurricane season is from June to November when it is the time of the year when seas and oceans are at their hottest temperature. There are on average six Atlantic hurricanes each year; over a 3-year period, approximately five hurricanes strike the United States coastline from Texas to Maine. How do Hurricanes form? Hurricanes need to have tropical oceans, which are over 270C with moisture and light winds. If the right conditions last long enough, a hurricane can produce violent winds, incredible waves, torrential rains and floods. Hurricanes are made by the rapidly evaporating water, which forms water vapour. During condensation energy is released allowing further convection. From this, clouds form. The sea continues to heat the air, so evaporation, convection and condensation will keep happening. Air is sucked towards the centre of the hurricane to replace the converted air, which creates stronger winds. This is called the "eye". As the uplift increases the stronger the winds get. ...read more.

Middle

After passing over Swan Island on the 27th, a weakening Mitch moved slowly southward near the coastal Islands of Honduras. It made landfall over northern Honduras on the 29th as a Category 1 hurricane. Mitch gradually turned westward after landfall, and the surface centre dissipated near the Guatemala-Honduras border on 1 November. The remnant circulation aloft reached the Bay of Campeche on 2nd November and began developing again. The re-born Mitch became a tropical storm on 3 November, then moved northeastward across the Yucatan Peninsula on the 4th. Mitch crossed south Florida as a tropical storm on the 5th and then became extratropical later that day. The extra tropical cyclone remained strong as it crossed the Atlantic, eventually affecting the British Isles and Iceland on the 9th and 10th. The path of Hurricane Mitch is shown in the diagram above. Mitch ravaged the offshore islands of Honduras with high winds, seas, and storm surge. However the greatest impact was widespread heavy rains and severe floods in Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Hurricane Mitch did mass destruction even thought it was predicted. On the 2nd of November in the afternoon, meteorologists at the Tropical Prediction Centre began to follow a cloud-system centre, the remnants of Hurricane Mitch, in satellite imagery over the Bay of Cameche. ...read more.

Conclusion

You may want to put bottles of water in the kit as well. You need to know if you live in an area that can be vulnerable to floods etc. You should know if there is an escape route, a plan for what to do with your pet in dangerous circumstances, know how to call 999 or 911(depending on where you live), if you have house insurance and if you have smoke detectors. You should contact someone in your family in a different state and let them know what is happening to you and where you are etc so the rest of the family have a contact point. What areas are most at risk from Hurricanes People who live on the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico coast lines are at risk from hurricanes, but in LEDCs, they have the technology to predict hurricanes and to make the people who are at risk of hurricanes as safe as possible. In MEDCs this protection may not be easily available because it cost a lot of money to get the all the equipment and saterlights to monitor hurricanes. Also the people who live in areas at risk may not be able to afford to protect themselves and their homes like the majority of people in north and South America. ...read more.

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