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What is a Hurricane?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Geography Express GCSE HURRICANES BY NEILL PATEL Contents Topic Page 1. What is a Hurricane 3 2. Where does a hurricane occur 4 3. Six countries that are affected by hurricanes 5 4. Cross section of a Hurricane 6 5. Recent Hurricanes in MEDC & LEDC 7 * Two recent Hurricanes * Information about the impact of the Hurricanes * An Outline Report 1 What is a Hurricane? Hurricanes are violent, spinning storms with towering thunderclouds and torrential rains. Inside a hurricane, screaming winds rotate at high speed around a calm, cloudless area in the centre, called the eye. Hurricanes are many times more powerful than ordinary thunderstorms. Forming over tropical oceans, they whip up giant waves. Most hurricanes rage harmlessly at sea. Some cause great damage if they reach land. Hurricanes cause massive devastation every year, flattening towns, uprooting forests and taking many lives. Hurricanes are known by different names around the world. In the Atlantic Ocean they are called hurricane, in the Pacific Ocean they are called typhoons. In the Indian Ocean they are called tropical cyclones. Hurricanes are huge, rotating storms, which can bring widespread devastation, with winds of up to 350 kph (210 mph), heavy rain, and stormy seas. A hurricane begins as a region of heated air over the warm seas in the tropics, parts of the world near the equator. The heated air expands and rises, creating an area of low-pressure air. ...read more.

Middle

Fearing widespread deaths, officials in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina ordered residents to evacuate coastal areas. About 2.6 million people were affected by the evacuation orders. By the time Floyd made landfall in the early morning hours of September 16 near Cape Fear, North Carolina, it was a Category II storm with winds between 154 and 180 km/h (96 to 110 mph). Floyd continued to subside over the next few hours, and by evening it had been downgraded to a tropical storm after its winds fell below hurricane strength (119 km/h [74 mph]). This massive rainfall caused several North Carolina rivers, including the Cape Fear, Tar, Neuse, and Lumber rivers, to overflow their banks. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the floods in North Carolina killed at least 35 people and left thousands homeless, as 30,000 homes were damaged or destroyed. FEMA estimated that North Carolina's agricultural industry suffered an estimated $1 billion in losses, with more than 110,000 hogs and 1 million turkeys and chickens killed in the floods. The storm also damaged many crops. Other states also suffered losses. FEMA estimated that 1,900 homes in Virginia were destroyed, in addition to 2,200 in Pennsylvania and about 200 in South Carolina. Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine also received heavy rainfall from the storm. Floyd also caused heavy damage in the Bahamas islands, which were struck as the storm made its way toward the U.S. coast. ...read more.

Conclusion

The entire country was devastated by the storm and after effects. More than 1 million people were homeless by Hurricane Mitch. 20% of the telephone system functioned. Potable water systems were functioning in 20% of the country. Electricity was working at 25 % of its capacity. More than 70,000 homes were destroyed. All stadiums and public facilities were full. At least 5000 people were in treetops for protection. Fifty big bridges were totally destroyed and possibly more than 200 small bridges were semi destroyed. More than 100 people died, but the figure is possibly higher, because it is difficult get up to date information from LEDC countries. An Outline Report There are many impacts that can affect the weather. Among the most important are the heating of the Earth by the sun and differences in atmospheric pressure. There are many different disasters in the world such as earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes. These cause devastation in a country if they had been attacked. Hurricanes cause great impacts in a country. They cause many deaths and can destroy a city. If a LEDC suffers due to a hurricane and cannot afford the cost of the damages other MEDC's could help that country to recover from such a disaster. Other large charities could also raise money to assist these countries. In rich, industrialised countries, meteorologists are working on ways of improving information and warning systems of hurricanes and other disasters. Hurricane shelters should be built in case of emergency. Bangladesh has many hurricanes so therefore they built 63 shelters. Each shelter can hold up to 1500 people. Contents Page2 ...read more.

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