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What is Golding Telling us About Society in 'Lord of the Flies'

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Introduction

What Is William Golding Telling Us About Civilisation in 'Lord Of The Flies'? What William Golding is telling us about civilisation is that without rules and organisation, civilisation would not be able to exist and that there is a beast in everyone, it is just a question of whether it can be controlled. His point is shown through the actions of boys on the island, through their transformation from being normal school boys to a murderous mob of savages. At the start of the novel, a group of schoolboys have crash-landed on a deserted island. Golding has experimented with boys to see how they would react without adults. He has placed them on an uninhabited island with food and water. After they have crash-landed, two characters emerge- Ralph and Piggy. Ralph is excited by the idea that there are no adults on the island so he can have fun; 'In the middle of the scar he stood on his head and grinned at the reversed fat boy. "No grown-ups!" Conversely, Piggy is worried that there are no grown ups on the island. Piggy finds the conch and gives it to Ralph and tells him to blow on it. After Ralph has blown on it, all the other boys follow the sound of the conch and gather around Ralph and a democratic election takes place where Jack and Ralph were the candidates. Ralph gets elected, as Ralph was the one who blew the conch. During the election the reader is introduced to Jack. ...read more.

Middle

Killing someone without intention. They are not truly savage, but the numbers of the adrenaline pumped boys influenced them into the frenzy killing by the idea of safety. Nevertheless, near the end of the novel, Ralph's mind is constantly being disturbed by an uncontrollable feeling, which stops him from thinking straight and makes gives him more primitive behaviours on the island; 'He paused lamely as the curtain flickered in his brain.' This shows that Ralph is starting to become savage, because he cannot think efficiently and is becoming more primitive. This may be as he is becoming tempted to become a savage because of the breakdown of democratic civilisation in the boys. His curtain is his mind, if the curtain is open Ralph can control himself, it is like the first step for his inner beast to be free and have taken over his actions, so when the curtain shuts, his beast takes over. Everyone on the island has an inner beast; it is just a question of whether it can be controlled. The beast can be controlled by organisation and rules, or the goodness of heart. Jack creates a tribal group of his own, who have no rules and organisation and most of all there is no goodness he spends his time killing and hunting which shows savage evilness. Ralph's group have rules and organisation. Jack's tribe become savage and kill and torture members of Ralph's group. Jack's tribe have all awoken their inner beasts, while Ralph's group can control theirs. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the end two groups are formed- the savage group of Jack's and the civilised one of Ralph's. Jack's group are more of a tribe than a civilisation, because rules and organisation mean nothing to them as they act primitive and carry out savage killings. The fall of rules/laws and organisation also means the rise of the boys inner beasts. Golding is trying to show that men must have rules in order to control his or her savage or dark side. He is trying to tell us that you have to have rules; otherwise there will be chaos. Also that human must have rules to be able to stay alive. Even if some people do not like them they must still obey them. Civilisation must have rules it is there to keep order and respect for each other in place. One of the most obvious point Golding is trying to tell us about Civilisation on the Island is that society holds everyone together, and without these conditions, our ideals, values, and the basics of right and wrong are lost. Golding is also trying to tell us that morals come from our surroundings and the people around us, and if there is no civilisation around us, men will lose such values. William Golding shows us that the darkness of man's heart can be controlled by rules and organisation. Adults are in charge of our world because they are mature enough to have rules and organisation. It also demonstrates what will happen in a world without rules. Mann Nair 11Y2 Ms Alexander 1729 Candidate Number: 1729 1 Centre Number: 13216 ...read more.

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