• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the effect of warfare on the characters and their relationships in "Journey's End?"

Extracts from this document...


What is the effect of warfare on the characters and their relationships in "Journey's End?" The First World War, what can you expect? Dirty, horrible conditions, rat infested trenches, disinfected water, intense boredom and the repetition of machine guns viciously rattling in the distance. These are the predicaments that the soldiers had to cope with in the deadly war. Though there was a battle on between the Germans and the British, there was also an internal battle on within the characters as they fought to relieve their depression. The trench conditions inside and outside was very bad in the war. There was only a 'narrow strip of starlight sky' and a 'pale shaft of sunlight' outside the trenches. The 'intense darkness' tell us that the soldiers were living in a very poor state. The trench conditions affected the men in different ways. Stanhope is the most affected soldier from the rest of the characters. Although he has the best position that anybody could have, 'The Company Commander of an Infantry Company,' he has one problem, drinking. To cope with the war, he turns to alcohol to relieve his depression, for one incident occurred when he arrived back to the 'C' Company, he had an 'awful affair on Vimy Ridge,' and so he knew he would 'go mad if I didn't break the strain. - I couldn't bear being fully conscious all the time.' This shows us that he can not live without alcohol. ...read more.


They 'talk man to man' about anything, including their personal matters. One incident occurred was when Stanhope spoke to Osborne about his girlfriend, 'I've never shown you' that, have I? ...Raleigh's sister, isn't it? ...Yes. She is waiting for me.' This tells us that Stanhope and Osborne trust and confide in each other. Whatever the matter being big, Stanhope will always talk to Osborne about it. Stanhope cannot find in his heart the true love for his girlfriend as he 'could not go home on his last leave,' in case Raleigh's sister 'realised he was a drinker.' Stanhope relies on Osborne to keep it a secret. Osborne wants to stay with Stanhope for the rest of their lives, as he said they will 'go to hell together.' This tells us that their strong relationship will remain, from start to end. Osborne is a caring person who 'helps him on to bed,' making sure that Stanhope is comfortable. This tells us that Osborne treats Stanhope as his son. Stanhope has taken a great affect on him after Osborne's death. He is more depressed than before and his death has affected him physically as well as mentally. He is 'expression less' and 'speaks in a dead voice.' Raleigh is a young and inexperienced person who is also affected by the war. He is at least eighteen years old, as he 'only left school at the end of last summer term.' ...read more.


Overall we can say that all the characters in "Journey's End" are affected by the war. Stanhope is greatly affected as he drinks all the time and is depressed after Osborne and Raleigh's death. Osborne plays a major role in the play as he is second in command. He is generally a caring and giving person whom tries to not think greatly about the war. He welcomes Raleigh into the company and gives a good impression of himself. He has a close relationship with Stanhope as they are known as 'best friends.' Unfortunately he dies in the war but from beginning till end, Osborne has played a good role. Raleigh is a young person who went to school with Stanhope and has now joined into his regiment. He is enthusiastic to fight with Stanhope but unfortunately he also dies at the end. Hibbert is an officer of the company who fears that he is going to die. He convinces Stanhope that he has neuralgia but Stanhope threatens him that he will shoot him. Trotter is also an officer of the company who is also affected by the war. He uses food as comfort and he blacks in circles to make the time go by. We can say in general that the war is a terrible thing to happen but the commitment that the men make to their country is very dear. I will end this with a quote from a famous author. "The tragedy of war is that it uses man's best to do man's worst." - Henry Fosdick - 5 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE RC Sheriff section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE RC Sheriff essays

  1. Journeys End Drama Studies

    This suddenly adds tension as, we cannot relate to the war, we were not alive in that time. But Stanhope gives a picture of the war making it look very bleak and threatening which adds tension. The next section I will look at is on page 47 to 49 where Stanhope confiscates Raleigh's letter.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Presentation of the Psychological Effects of the WarAnd the Setting ...

    Hill states that the noise was 'deafening when the shells came over', and uses emotive phrases to describe the setting, such as 'sudden roar' and 'escape was impossible'. Hill provides a strong contrast to Barton's innocence and na�ve 'excitement' at being trusted with this task independently.

  1. Journey's End

    I 'ate ruins in No Man's Land. Trotter uses sarcasm, his wit and light-heartedness to make everything seem fine. He makes the war seem like it's just an everyday thing: Osborne: There's only about sixty yards of No Man's Land, according to this map - narrower on the left, from the head of this sap; only about fifty.

  2. Explain what Osborne means to Stanhope and how is this shown in the play

    His experience of such things from when he was a schoolmaster, gives him some authority on the subject. He tells Stanhope that he thinks that there is "something very deep and fine about hero-worship" as he tries to emphasize to positive aspects of it.

  1. JOURNEY'S END - The Changing Relationship Between Stanhope and Raleigh

    used to stay with Raleigh in the holidays. Raleigh seems extremely vibrant and tells Osborne of how they were 'great pals', and we also learn that Stanhope has a more precious bond with Raleigh's sister. With their past friendship and the fact that amazingly Raleigh was sent to Stanhope's infantry, it seems as if they are set for

  2. Examine closely the role of Raleigh

    Firstly Raleigh tells Osborne about how he knows Stanhope. However Raleigh is unaware that Stanhope has become an alcoholic, even though Osborne has dropped hints into the conversation to try to put this message across.

  1. Journey's end - Focusing on the exchange between Stanhope and Hibbert in act two, ...

    When he realises that Stanhope is not going to back down, he starts to become aggressive and violent. 'Striking a superior officer' (Act two, page 55), as Stanhope quotes, is just what Hibbert did, a seriously punishable offence. Hibbert has turned his back on Stanhope and displayed no sense of comradeship towards him.

  2. Journeys End Coursework

    He promised me he would. There is a pause You can save yourself a walk. Hibbert: fiercely What the hell-! Here, Hibbert is getting worried. He was probably so sure that he would be allowed to go home that he was not prepared to be thrown off by Stanhope.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work